Industrial automation is the various parameters in industrial production for control purposes, to achieve various process control.
In the entire industrial production, the human operation is minimized, and the energy and various information other than animals can be fully utilized for production work, which is called industrial automation production.
The process of enabling industrial automation to be produced is called industrial automation.
Industrial automation is a general term for information processing and process control such as measurement, manipulation, etc., in accordance with the intended objectives, without the need for manual direct intervention by the machine or production process.
Automation technology is the method and technology to explore and research automated processes.
It is a comprehensive technology involving mechanical, microelectronics, computer, machine vision and other technical fields.
The industrial revolution is a “midwife” of automation technology.
It was because of the needs of the industrial revolution that automation technology broke through the egg shell and flourished.
At the same time, automation technology has also promoted industrial progress.
Nowadays, automation technology has been widely used in machinery manufacturing, electric power, construction, transportation, information technology and other fields, and has become the main means to improve labor productivity.
Industrial automation is one of the important prerequisites for Germany to start Industry 4.0, mainly in the fields of machine building and electrical engineering.
The “embedded system” currently widely used in German and international manufacturing is the special computer system designed for specific applications by embedding mechanical or electrical components completely inside the controlled device.
The data shows that this “embedded system” has an annual market benefit of 20 billion euros, and this number will increase to 40 billion euros by 2020.
Industrial automation technology is an application of control theory, instrumentation, computers and other information technology.
To achieve detection, control, optimization, scheduling, management and decision-making in industrial production processes, to achieve comprehensive high-tech for the purpose of increasing production, improving quality, reducing consumption, and ensuring safety, including industrial automation software, hardware and systems.
As one of the most important technologies in the modern manufacturing field of the 20th century, industrial automation technology mainly solves the problems of production efficiency and consistency.
Regardless of high-speed, high-volume manufacturing companies or the pursuit of flexible, flexible and customized businesses, they must rely on the application of automation technology.
The automation system itself does not directly create benefits, but it plays a significant role in improving the production process of the enterprise:
(1) Improve the safety of the production process;
(2) Improve production efficiency;
(3) Improve product quality;
(4) Reduce raw materials and energy consumption in the production process.
According to statistics from international authoritative consulting organizations, the ratio of automation system investment and enterprise efficiency is about 1:4 to 1:6.
Especially in capital-intensive enterprises, the automation system accounts for less than 10% of the total investment of the equipment.
The traditional industrial automation system, namely the mechatronics system, is mainly the control of the equipment and the production process, that is, the mechanical elements, the power part, the test sensing part, the actuator, the driving part, the control and signal processing unit, the interface and other hardware elements.
Guided by the purposeful information flow of software programs and electronic circuit logic, they coordinate, organically integrate and integrate to form an orderly regular movement of matter and energy to form an industrial automation system or product.
In the field of industrial automation, the traditional control system has experienced the development of the base-type pneumatic instrument control system, the electric unit combined analog instrument control system, the centralized digital control system and the distributed control system DCS.
With the development of control technology, computer, communication, network and other technologies, the field of information interaction and communication is rapidly covering all levels from the field device layer of the factory to the control and management.
Industrial control machine system generally refers to the general term for automation technology tools (including automatic measuring instruments and control devices) for measuring and controlling industrial production processes and their electromechanical equipment and process equipment.
Today, the simplest understanding of automation is also transformed into the use of generalized machines (including computers) to partially replace or completely replace or exceed human physical strength.