Information Technology

Information Technology (IT) is a general term for various technologies used to manage and process information.

Information Technology

It mainly uses computer science and communication technology to design, develop, install and implement information systems and application software.

It is also often referred to as Information and Communications Technology (ICT).

It mainly includes sensing technology, computer and intelligent technology, communication technology and control technology.

Basic meaning

People’s definition of information technology has different expressions because of its purpose, scope, and level of use:

  1. Any technology that can expand a person’s information function can be called information technology.
  2. Information technology “contains communication, computer and computer language, computer games, electronic technology, fiber optic technology, etc.”
  3. Modern information technology “is characterized by computer technology, microelectronics technology and communication technology.”
  4. Information technology refers to the general term of the methods and equipment used to acquire, process, store, transform, display and transmit text, numerical, image and audio information, including the provision of equipment and the provision of information services, with the support of computers and communication technologies.
  5. Information technology is the experience, knowledge, skills and experience that humans have accumulated in the process of understanding nature and transforming nature in production struggles and scientific experiments, acquiring information, storing information, processing information, and standardizing information. The labor data of knowledge and skills has a purposeful combination process.
  6. Information technology is a general term for methods, means and operational procedures for the management, development and use of information resources.
  7. Information technology is a general term for a class of technologies that can extend the function of human information organs.
  8. Information technology refers to the science, technology and engineering training methods and management techniques applied in information processing; the application of the above methods and techniques; the computer and its interaction with people and machines, and the society corresponding to people, economic and cultural things.”
  9. Information technology includes all aspects of the information transfer process, namely the generation, collection, exchange, storage, transmission, display, identification, extraction, control, processing and utilization of information.
  10. Information technology is a technology that studies how to access information, process information, transmit information, and use information.

The “information technology” in “information technology education” can be defined in three levels: general, medium and narrow.

Broadly speaking, information technology refers to the sum of various methods, tools, and skills that can fully utilize and extend the functions of human information organs.

This definition emphasizes the philosophical interpretation of the essential relationship between information technology and people.

In a middle sense, information technology refers to the sum of various technologies for collecting, transmitting, storing, processing and expressing information.

This definition emphasizes a general understanding of information technology functions and processes.

In a narrow sense, information technology refers to the use of computers, networks, broadcast television and other hardware devices and software tools and scientific methods to acquire, process, store, transmit and use various information of text and image.

This definition emphasizes the modernization and high-tech content of information technology.

Applications of information technology include computer hardware and software, network and communication technologies, and application software development tools.

Since the popularity of computers and the Internet, computers have become increasingly popular for the production, processing, exchange, and dissemination of various forms of information (such as books, business documents, newspapers, records, movies, television programs, voice, graphics, images, etc.).

In enterprises, schools and other organizations, information technology architecture is a comprehensive structure for adopting and developing information technology to achieve strategic goals.

It includes components of management and technology.

Its management components include mission, function and information needs, system configuration and information flow.

Technical components include information technology standards, rules, etc. used to implement the management architecture.

Since computers are the center of information management, the computer department is often referred to as the “information technology department.”

Some companies refer to this sector as “information services” (IS) or “management information services” (MIS).

Other companies choose to outsource the information technology sector to get better benefits.

The Internet of Things and cloud computing have been proposed and developed as new heights and forms of information technology.

According to the definition of the China Internet of Things School-Enterprise Alliance, the Internet of Things is the combination of almost all technologies and computer Internet technologies, allowing information to be collected, delivered, processed and executed faster and more accurately.

It is the latest form and application of technology.

Application range

Information technology research includes science, technology, engineering and management.

These disciplines are used in the management, delivery and processing of information, related software and devices and their interactions.

Applications of information technology include computer hardware and software, network and communication technologies, application software development tools, etc.

Since the popularity of computers and the Internet, computers have become increasingly popular for the production, processing, exchange, and dissemination of various forms of information (such as books, business documents, newspapers, records, movies, television programs, voice, graphics, images, etc.).

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