The machine tool manipulator is an automatic machine that simulates human hand operation.
It can be used to pick up, move objects or manipulate tools to perform certain operations.
The application robot can replace the person in monotonous, repetitive or heavy manual labor, realize the mechanization and automation of production, replace the manual operation of the human in harmful environment, improve the working conditions and ensure personal safety.
In the late 1940s, in the atomic energy experiment, the United States first used robots to carry radioactive materials, and humans manipulated manipulators in the security room to perform various operations and experiments.
After the 1950s, the robots were gradually extended to the industrial production department for picking and placing workpieces and loading and unloading materials in places with high temperature and serious pollution.
They were also used as auxiliary devices for machine tools in automatic machine tools, automatic production lines and machining centers to complete loading and unloading. Take the tool from the magazine and replace it with a fixed program.
The robot is mainly composed of a hand mechanism and a motion mechanism.
The hand mechanism varies depending on the occasion and the object of operation.
The commonly seen types including clamping, holding and suction types.
The motion mechanism is generally driven by hydraulic, pneumatic, and electrical devices.
The robot can independently realize the movement of telescopic, rotating and lifting, and generally has 2 to 3 degrees of freedom.
Robots are widely used in machinery manufacturing, metallurgy, light industry and atomic energy.