Process control in the industry refers to the automated regulation of process variables, including temperature, pressure, flow rate, liquid level, and composition.
Process control, also known as real-time control, involves the use of a computer to collect and analyze data in a timely manner. This computer then automatically adjusts and controls the object being monitored to ensure that it operates at optimal levels. Examples of this include the control of CNC machines and production lines.
What is the Program Control Method?
In management, controls can be implemented before, during, or after an action, which are referred to as the three control models.
The first model is called feedforward control or pre-control, the second is process control or synchronous control, and the third is feedback control or post-control.
The program control method is used to complete recurring business tasks, and it requires executives to follow standardized procedures to ensure that the quality of business processing meets the control objectives and requirements.
The program control method requires program setting based on the principle of containment, where all major business activities must establish practical procedures.
This means that the final point of each process, according to the production process, is the program control point, and the producer of the end point of each process is the quality controller.
The quality controller is responsible for processing unqualified work and making necessary corrections to ensure everyone is monitored during the production process.
The program control method helps avoid the lack of clear responsibilities, unruly business practices, and mutual promotion, which can lead to delays in processing and inefficiencies. It promotes accountability and helps improve work efficiency.
The concept of a procedure has been elaborated while discussing the different types of plans.
A program refers to the description, plan, and set of regulations governing an operational or transactional process.
Organizations have several common procedures, including decision-making procedures, investment approval procedures, planning and control procedures for major management activities, accounting procedures, operating procedures, and work procedures.
Any management or production activity that involves multiple processes and occurs repeatedly should be programmed.
(1) The program is a plan.
This document outlines how to address significant challenges and routine procedures related to logistics, capital flows, information flows, and other areas.
In essence, it involves analyzing the tasks within the process, identifying the relevant departments and personnel, determining the travel route, assigning responsibilities to various departments and personnel, and establishing necessary checkpoints, approvals, records, storage, reports, and so on. Once this information has been gathered, research and planning should be conducted to find the simplest, most efficient, and most accurate solution. It is important to ensure that all individuals involved strictly adhere to this solution.
(2) The program is a control standard.
This program clarifies a business’s processes through textual descriptions, format descriptions, and flowcharts, which helps executives comply with regulations and facilitates inspection and control by supervisors.
The program assumes that problems in management arise from either a lack of procedures or non-compliance with established procedures.
(3) The program is still a system.
Managing complex programs, such as new product development or cost analysis, involves coordination among multiple departments, job roles, executives, and professionals. It requires various plans, records, books, and reports, as well as a range of management activities, including research, planning, design, review, and accounting.
Considering the system as a whole, it is crucial to analyze and design procedures using systemic perspectives and systems analysis methods. The level of programming within the management system indicates the degree of order in the system.