## Punching Force Calculation Formula

If you punch round holes or square holes, or some other forms of holes through a given thickness of metal, you just want to know the force required to punch a hole in steel.

You can calculate the punching tonnage been required with the help of the following punching force calculation formula (blanking force formula):

**Punching Force**(KN)

**=**Perimeter (mm) * Plate Thickness (mm) * Shear Strength (kn / mm

^{2})

Converted into metric tons: __dividing the result of KN by 9.81__

**Perimeter:**add up the continuous line forming the boundary of a closed geometric figure.

**Thickness:**the thickness which will be piecing through by the punching mold.**Shear Strength:**The physical properties of the plate, determined by the material of the sheet and can be found in the material manual.

Common materials’ shear strength are as follows: unit: KN/mm^{2}

Aluminum | Brass | Low Carbon Steel | Stainless Steel |

0.1724 | 0.2413 | 0.3447 | 0.5171 |

e.g: If punching one square hole in the 3mm thickness low-carbon steel plate, side length 20mm, you will get:

- Perimeter = 20×4 = 80mm
- Thickness = 3mm
- Shear Strength = 0.3447kn/mm
^{2}

**Punch Force (KN)** = 80 x 3 x 0.3447 = 82.728 KN Convert into tonnage: 82.728 KN ÷ 9.81 = 8.43 Ton

## Punching Force Calculator

P.S: If you want to calculate hydraulic press tonnage, you can use our **hydraulic press tonnage calculator**.

## Punch And Die Clearance

The clearance between punch and dies is represented by the total difference, which is one of the critical factors in the punching process.

For example, when using ø12 upper die and ø 12.25 lower die, the optimal clearance is 0.25mm.

Improper clearance will reduce the die service life, or burrs and lead to secondary cutting, the irregular opening will increase the demounting force, etc.

Besides, the die clearance is subject to the material and thickness, generally, for carbon steel plate, 12%-18% of the thickness is best.

See also:

If no special requirements in CNC punch, you can refer to the following table for selecting the die clearance:

*Punch Machine’s Die Clearance Table*

*Punch Machine’s Die Clearance Table*

Plate Thickness |
Material |
||
---|---|---|---|

Mild Steel | Aluminum | Stainless Steel | |

0.8-1.6 | 0.15-0.2 | 0.15-0.2 | 0.15-0.3 |

1.6-2.3 | 0.2-0.3 | 0.2-0.3 | 0.3-0.4 |

2.3-3.2 | 0.3-0.4 | 0.3-0.4 | 0.4-0.6 |

3.2-4.5 | 0.4-0.6 | 0.4-0.5 | 0.6-1.0 |

4.5-6.0 | 0.6-0.9 | 0.5-0.7 |

Abdul MananGood information in detail for understanding in easy way.

Nikita ParabHow to calculate this for hot piercing?

Ehtsham ul haqKindly send this document on this email address [email protected]

MachineMfgcheck your email now.

RavindraSend me punching force calculator

MachineMfgThe calculator can only be used online.

Anil thiteVery useful information in simple language

Rakeshmust be good & ease of solution

MufeezHow much force will be needed for holes more than 1 hole ???

Do we have to multiply the given force by number of holes ??

Uttam Jadhavhow to calculate forming load in sheet metal components.

MachineMfgwe have provided a calculator in this article: https://www.machinemfg.com/hydraulic-press-machine/

Vijaykumar Paturudear sir,

this is very valuable information ,pls kindly send the information to [email protected]

MachineMfgSorry Sir, we don’t have a copy of the article.

M B SUTARVERY VERY NICE TO UNDERSTAND FORMULA AND IDEA

M B SUTARVERY VERY thanks NICE TO UNDERSTAND FORMULA AND IDEA

MachineMfgThanks for your compliment.

MeetI want to punch a material which is flexible kind of having properties in between the paper or cloth in circular shape… How to calculate punching force required?

MachineMfgThe formula in this post mainly applied to metal.

Walid Gabr-RayanHow would this apply to punching ribs into sheetmetal, instead of holes. Would you change the shear strength to yield strength?

MachineMfgFor ribs bending force calculation, you need to use press brake bending force calculator, here is the link:

https://www.machinemfg.com/press-brake-bending-force-calculator/

Tessa CatinoThis is exactly what I was looking for. Thank you.

melvinthis is a good site!

i was looking for information about the force when cutting with a guilotineshear

it is for schoolassignment

so just 1 straight line

i need the cutting/shear force of this. (with calculation)

then i need to convert to bar for a hydraulic press (with calculation)

this is for cutting low carbon steel

with specification of 1000mm with and 8mm thick.

when use the calculator i came to 281.10 metric tons

and when converted it i get 27 bar pressure is this correct?

also the blade of a guilltineshear is in this case straight on the steel but for pressure reduction the cutting blade have an angle. if the 27 bars is correct how do i calculate the force that is on the blade with a angled cutting blade along the 1 m steel plate

sorry for the long text (english is not my first language)

thank you in advance al help is welcome since this is not my daily job knowlege

[email protected] is my email

MachineMfgWe have written one article talking about sheet metal cutting force calculation, here is the link:

https://www.machinemfg.com/sheet-metal-cutting-force-calculation/

HYou will get answers there.

Glen WaldnerHow do I calculate ton if I am using a chisel point punch

KATTAMURI VENKATA SIVA SAI KUMARI need to know punching calculations for plastics

How to calculate the force and the required cylinder for that punching operation.

How clearence need to be given for the punch and die.

KATTAMURI VENKATA SIVA SAI KUMARPlease send those details to my email.

[email protected]

MachineMfgJust send to your email.

MachineMfgThe formula mentioned in this article is can also be applied to plastic punching, what you need to know is to find out the shear strength of the plastics.

KATTAMURI VENKATA SIVA SAI KUMARPlease send those details to my email.

[email protected]

MachineMfgIt’s been sent.

chethanhello sir, i required a force calculation for punching sheet of paper on a punching machine please provide me a solution.

Sean R HartsoughWould anyone on here happen to know the shear strength for extruded vinyl like in windows?

Bhagyesh Pandurang ZopeVery nice site for study.

sunil guptawe manifacture of stainless steel hinges how press tonage for hinge blanking

Sagar PatilDear sir, these site is very nice for quick learn can you please provide information about bolier, reactor, pressure vessel and heat exchanger manufacturing.

MachineMfgWe will keep updating good resources, so stay turned.

Pradeep kumarHow to give clearance between die & punch

MachineMfgYou can refer to this article: https://www.machinemfg.com/punch-and-die-clearance/

rv[email protected] plzzz send me all dia cleances chart

Rahman A. HusseinThank you for this site, please can you send information about generated side force in plate metal chipping process.

Muraliwe trial very simple example, for now, do piercing in 10 mm thickness and 10 dia mm this is HRC sheet.

= Thickness X Perimeter X tensile Stress

=10*31.4*410

=128740 kg

=128 tonnage machine is needed. but we all think Safety of factory also. we can consider SOF 1.2

=155 tonnage machine we needed for the piercing.

MachineMfgthat’s correct.

Mahesh MPdear Sir,

i need to know the tool tonnage and cutting clearance formula with proper example .

pls send this mail id – [email protected]

CHIRAG SHARMAI AM DOING PUNCHING IN HRC SHEET 8MM THICK . DOING IT ON 50 TON MECHANICAL PRESS

PERIMETER OF HOLE IS 104 AND I AM DOING TWO SAME HOLES AT ONCE .

ACCORDING TO THEORY TONNAGE REQUIRED IS

F- 104*2X8X.3441/9.81

F=58.4689

IS THERE ANY THING WRONG IN MY CALCULATION OR THE MACHINE HAS MORE CAPACITY THAN DESCRIBED.

MachineMfgThe result calculated by the formula is the theoretical value. In practical use, the press force of the selected machine should be larger than the theoretical value. 1.2/1.5X will be better.

VicHow do I figure the tonnage requirement for HSLA steel. Thank you

Hoang NguyenGreat information! I learn a lot from this

Sanjay DayalDear Sir, How do I punch 1 mm holes (Multiple holes) in 1 mm thick SS 316 sheet. The punches available are unable to do this. Do we need Tungsten or Silicon Carbide punches?

MachineMfgThe hole distance should be greater than or equal to 1.5 times the plate thickness.