How to Calculate Punching Force? (Free Press Tonnage Calculator & Formula)

Punching Force Calculation Formula

Press Tonnage Calculation Formula

punching force calculation formula

If you punch round holes or square holes, or some other forms of holes through a given thickness of metal, you just want to know the press force required to punch a hole in steel.

You can calculate the punching tonnage been required with the help of the following press tonnage calculation formula (can also be used as blanking force calculation):

Press Tonnage (KN) = Perimeter (mm) * Plate Thickness (mm) * Shear Strength (kn / mm2)

Converted into metric tons: dividing the result of KN by 9.81

  • Perimeter: add up the continuous line forming the boundary of a closed geometric figure.
Perimeter
  • Thickness: the thickness which will be piecing through by the punching mold.
  • Shear Strength: The physical properties of the plate, determined by the material of the sheet and can be found in the material manual.

Common materials’ shear strength are as follows: unit: KN/mm2

AluminumBrassLow Carbon SteelStainless Steel
0.17240.24130.34470.5171

For various shear strength table, you can check out the following post:

e.g: If punching one square hole in the 3mm thickness low-carbon steel plate, side length 20mm, you will get:

  • Perimeter = 20×4 = 80mm
  • Thickness = 3mm
  • Shear Strength = 0.3447kn/mm2

Punch Force (KN) = 80 x 3 x 0.3447 = 82.728 KN Convert into tonnage: 82.728 KN ÷ 9.81 = 8.43 Ton

For more details about the shearing strength including how to calculate it, you can refer to the answer from Wikipedia.

The above formula can also be used as the cutting force formula in press tool, or force required to punch a hole formula.

Press Tonnage Calculator

How to calculate the force (tonnage) of a punch press machine?

I believe the following press tonnage calculator can be used to calculate the required punch force for your workpiece.

P.S: If you want to calculate hydraulic press tonnage, you can use our hydraulic press tonnage calculator.

Punch and Die Clearance

Punch and Die Clearance

The clearance between punch and dies is represented by the total difference, which is one of the critical factors in the punching process.

For example, when using ø12 upper die and ø 12.25 lower die, the optimal clearance is 0.25mm.

Improper clearance will reduce the die service life, or burrs and lead to secondary cutting, the irregular opening will increase the demounting force, etc.

Besides, the die clearance is subject to the material and thickness, generally, for carbon steel plate, 12%-18% of the thickness is best.

See also:

If no special requirements in CNC punch, you can refer to the following table for selecting the die clearance:

Punch Press Die Clearance Table

Plate ThicknessMaterial
 Mild SteelAluminumStainless Steel
0.8-1.60.15-0.20.15-0.20.15-0.3
1.6-2.30.2-0.30.2-0.30.3-0.4
2.3-3.20.3-0.40.3-0.40.4-0.6
3.2-4.50.4-0.60.4-0.50.6-1.0
4.5-6.00.6-0.90.5-0.7 

79 thoughts on “How to Calculate Punching Force? (Free Press Tonnage Calculator & Formula)”

  1. I have a punching/indenting operation on the top of a cylinder-shaped blank. Wire diameter is 1.60 mm and length 7.40 mm. Can you please let me know how to calculate the punching force exerted on the piece?

  2. Good day to you.
    Very neatly laid out key sectors of information.
    Currently just browsing, but will be adding your site to my favourite list

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