Vertical Milling Machine

Introduction

The primary difference between a vertical milling machine and a horizontal milling machine is the orientation of the spindle, with the former having a vertical arrangement.

Vertical Milling Machine

In addition to the different spindle arrangements, the table on a vertical milling machine can be adjusted up and down.

The milling cutters used in vertical milling machines are versatile and have a wide range of applications, including end mills, machine clamps, drill bits, etc.

These machines can be used for tasks such as milling keyways, planes, and boring.

While horizontal milling machines can also use these various tools, they are not as convenient as vertical milling machines.

Horizontal milling machines are mainly used to increase the strength of tools such as three-sided milling cutters and sheet milling cutters.

They can perform tasks such as milling grooves, planes, and cuts.

Horizontal milling machines typically have a vertical milling head, which while not as powerful or rigid as a vertical milling machine, is still capable of performing vertical milling tasks.

This makes horizontal milling machines more versatile than vertical milling machines, which do not have this feature and cannot machine workpieces that are suitable for horizontal milling.

However, vertical milling machines have a higher productivity than horizontal milling machines.

Product application

Suitable for processing various components such as planes, bevels, grooves, holes, etc.

It is an ideal processing equipment for machinery manufacturing, molds, instruments, automobiles, motorcycles, and saving equipment investment.

However, due to the lack of versatility of the vertical milling machine, a horizontal milling machine with a vertical milling head is often used as a vertical milling machine.

This is not as effective as a dedicated vertical milling machine.

Horizontal milling is mostly used for tasks such as gears, splines, slots, and cutting.

In addition to plane machining, vertical milling machines can handle complex, high-low curved geometric shapes, such as molds, and vertical milling can make a significant impact in these cases.

Structural features

The vertical milling head on a vertical milling machine can be adjusted ±45° in the vertical plane, in a counterclockwise direction.

It features three-way motorized feed for the X, Y, and Z axes.

The vertical milling machine spindle employs energy-saving braking, with a large braking torque that enables quick and reliable stopping.

The key components such as the base, fuselage, workbench, middle slide, lifting slide, and headstock are all cast from high-strength materials and undergo artificial aging to ensure long-term stability of the machine.

The vertical milling head can be adjusted ±45° in the vertical plane for smooth and reverse rotation, expanding the machine’s machining range.

The main shaft bearing is a tapered roller bearing with strong bearing capacity, and the main shaft also employs energy-saving braking with a large braking torque for quick and reliable stopping.

The table has three types of manual feed, motor feed, and fast forward, and the feed speed can accommodate different processing requirements.

The rapid feed feature allows the workpiece to reach the machining position quickly, which is convenient and fast, reducing non-machining time.

The X, Y, and Z guide rails are super-audio quenched, precision ground, and scraped, and are combined with forced lubrication to improve accuracy and extend the service life of the machine.

A lubrication device forces lubrication on the vertical, horizontal, and vertical lead screws and guide rails to reduce wear and ensure efficient operation of the machine.

The cooling system adjusts the flow rate of the coolant by adjusting the nozzle, meeting different processing needs.

The machine design is ergonomic and user-friendly, with operator panels featuring simple, intuitive visual symbols.

Technical Parameters

The X5032 vertical milling machine has a spindle end to table distance range of 45 to 415 mm.

The center line of the X5032 vertical milling machine spindle is 350 mm from the vertical rail of the bed.

The X5032 vertical milling machine spindle hole taper is 7:24 ISO50.

The spindle aperture on the X5032 vertical milling machine is 29 mm.

The spindle speed of the X5032 vertical milling machine ranges from 30 to 1500 RPM, with 18 speed grades.

The maximum rotation angle for the X5032 vertical milling machine’s vertical milling head is ±45°.

The X5032 vertical milling machine has an 85 mm spindle axial movement distance.

The working surface of the X5032 vertical milling machine’s table is 320 mm wide and 1325 mm long.

The table’s longitudinal, horizontal, and vertical strokes (manual/mobile) for the X5032 vertical milling machine are 720/700 mm, 255/240 mm, and 370/350 mm respectively.

The table’s feed range for the X5032 vertical milling machine is 23.5 to 1180 mm for longitudinal and lateral, and 8 to 394 mm for vertical.

The table’s fast moving speed for the X5032 vertical milling machine is 2300 mm/min for longitudinal and lateral, and 770 mm/min for vertical.

The X5032 vertical milling machine has 3 T-slots, with a width of 18 mm and a distance of 70 mm.

The main motor power for the X5032 vertical milling machine is 7.5 kW, and the feed motor power is 1.5 kW.

The X5032 vertical milling machine dimensions are 2530 mm x 1890 mm x 2380 mm.

The X5032 vertical milling machine weighs 3200 kg.

Structural classification

(1) Bench Milling Machine: A small milling machine designed for milling small parts, such as instruments and meters.

(2) Cantilever Milling Machine: The milling head is mounted on a cantilever arm that is attached to the bed, which is arranged horizontally. The cantilever is typically moved vertically along the column rails on one side of the bed, and the milling head moves along the cantilever rail.

(3) Ram-Type Milling Machine: The milling head is mounted on a ram and the bed is arranged horizontally. The ram can be moved laterally along the sliding saddle rail, while the saddle can be moved vertically along the pillar rail.

(4) Gantry Milling Machine: The bed is arranged horizontally and the columns and connecting beams on both sides form the gantry structure. The milling head is mounted on the beams and columns and can be moved along its guide rails. Typically, the beam can move vertically along the column rail, and the table can move longitudinally along the bed rail. This type of machine is used for processing large parts.

(5) Plane Milling Machine: A milling machine designed for milling planes and forming surfaces, arranged horizontally. Typically, the table moves longitudinally along the bed rail, and the spindle can move axially. This machine has a simple structure and high production efficiency.

(6) Copy Milling Machine: A milling machine that performs contouring on a workpiece. It is generally used to machine complex-shaped workpieces.

(7) Lifting Table Milling Machine: A milling machine with a lifting platform that can be moved vertically along the bed rail. The table and the sliding saddle, which are usually mounted on the lifting platform, can be moved longitudinally and laterally, respectively.

(8) Rocker Milling Machine: The rocker arm is mounted on top of the bed, the milling head is mounted on one end of the rocker arm, and the rocker arm can be rotated and moved in the horizontal plane. The milling head can rotate at a certain angle on the end face of the rocker arm.

(9) Bed-Type Milling Machine: The worktable cannot be lifted or lowered and can only move longitudinally along the guide rail of the bed. The milling head or the column can be used as a vertically moving milling machine.

(10) Special Milling Machine: For example, Tool Milling Machine: A milling machine designed for milling tooling with high machining accuracy and complex machining shapes.

About The Author

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *