(1) A Wide Range of Applications
This technology is suitable for processing almost all materials. In addition to steel, aluminum, and copper, it can also handle particularly hard, brittle, and soft non-metallic materials. Examples include plastic, leather, paper, cloth, chemical fiber, wood, plywood, asbestos, cement products, glass, granite, marble, ceramics, and composite materials.
(2) High Processing Quality
The narrow slit of the technology improves material utilization rates, and cuts are flat, free of burrs, and flying thorns. It can also be used to remove burrs on the rims, grooves, threads, cross holes, and blind holes in valve bodies, fuel assemblies, and medical devices.
(3) There are no sparks produced when cutting, which means that there is no thermal effect on the workpiece and it does not cause any changes in the surface structure. This makes cold working ideal for processing explosive and flammable items.
(4) This method of processing and cleaning does not produce soot or toxic gases, which helps to reduce air pollution. Additionally, it improves operator safety. It also reduces the need for tool preparation, sharpening, and setting of tool offset, and significantly reduces installation adjustment time.
Water jet processing has several applications in the mechanical field, including cutting, deburring, punching, grooving, cleaning the welding root, and removing welding defects.
Water jet cutting can process a wide variety of materials, particularly non-metallic or metallic materials that are generally challenging to machine or process. It is especially useful for processing new synthetic materials, such as ceramics, cemented carbide, die steel, titanium alloy, tungsten molybdenum cobalt alloy, composite materials (such as metal-based fiber reinforced metal, fiber reinforced rubber, etc.), stainless steel, high silicon cast iron, and malleable cast iron.
Water jet processing is very convenient and has a unique effect when used for deburring. It can remove burrs on various small precision parts’ cross-holes, internal threads, narrow grooves, blind holes, etc. that are challenging or impossible to accomplish by other general methods.
Water jet technology can be used for perforation, where it punches holes in various materials instead of using a drill bit. This method provides high-quality results and faster processing speeds.
The size of the pores that water jets can process is limited by the nozzle aperture and abrasive grain size, particularly the minimum pore size.
Abrasive water jets can also be used for grooving various metal parts.
Moreover, water jet processing does not generate heat, preserving the workpiece’s material integrity. It removes defects from the back side of heat-sensitive metal welded joints and eliminates cracks in the weld.