Metals are hard, shiny and opaque materials that abound on earth.
Metals are usually ductile and relatively well conductive and thermally conductive, and can exist in different forms.
Almost all metals are of great use to mankind.
Strength refers to the ability of a material to resist deformation and failure under the action of external force. The main indexes can be divided into tensile (the most basic strength index), compressive, flexural, torsional and shear strength.
Some metals have high strength, others are not so strong.
The higher the strength of the metal, the greater the load it can bear.
Today, I will list the world’s top ten metal strengths. The first is tungsten, and titanium is the second.
Let’s dive into it!
The strongest metal on earth is tungsten, which has the highest tensile strength.
This is a rare metal found naturally on the earth’s surface. It was identified as a new element in 1781 and separated into metal for the first time in 1783.
The melting point is the highest. It melts at 3422 ℃ and the boiling point is the highest which is 5930 ℃. The density is 19.3 times that of water, which is much higher than the melting point of lead.
Tungsten and steel synthetic metals can be widely used in a variety of products and industries, such as welding electrodes, superalloys, light bulbs, electrical applications, military applications and so on.
Titanium is a kind of shiny transition metal, which has high strength but very low density. The characteristics of titanium make it the preferred metal for industrial use.
Titanium has silver appearance, low density and high strength. It also has good resistance to seawater and chlorine corrosion.
Titanium is very pure and stronger than steel. It is suitable for pigments, coatings and additives. It can also be used to make parts of aircraft and military equipment. It has many applications in industry.
Tritium is a rare metal found on earth and may be the most expensive of all rare elements.
It is found with all rare metals on earth, so it is difficult to separate it from other rare elements.
Osmium is the most dense metal known and belongs to platinum group metals.
It is a shiny silver metal that is not affected by water and acid.
It is used as a catalyst in a few alloys and industries.
It is widely used in the production of high-quality pens, compass, long-life gramophone needle and clock bearing nibs because of its high hardness and excellent corrosion resistance.
The metal is also widely used in the medical field. It is used to manufacture medical equipment, such as heart valves and pacemakers. It is made of an alloy composed of 90% platinum and 10% osmium. The melting point of osmium is 3030 ℃.
Iron is one of the most widely used metals in the world and one of the most abundant elements on the earth. It is the main part of the outer and inner core of the earth.
Iron exists in four different crystalline forms.
Iron is widely used in almost all industries, from food and containers to private cars, screwdrivers to washing machines, cargo ships to paper staplers.
As the most commonly used metal, it can be seen from industry to family. Steel is produced in blast furnace by melting iron and adding carbon to it.
Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is the main component of ship construction, infrastructure, tools, automobiles, machines, electrical appliances, weapons and so on.
Therefore, it is known as the most important building material in the world.
Zirconium has a lot of luster and its color is gray white. It can be used as alloying agent, shading agent and refractory.
Zirconium is a transition metal with silver gray and strong corrosion resistance.
Zirconium alloys are widely used in pipes, pipe fittings and heat exchangers. Zirconium is also used in steel alloys, colored glaze, bricks, ceramics, abrasives, flash lamps, filaments, artificial gemstones and some deodorants.
Zirconium is widely used in the aviation industry, metal industry, aerospace industry and nuclear industry. Zirconium is also widely used in the medical industry.
It can be used in the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease and dialysis, and in the dental field to make dental crowns.
Chromium is a shiny, brittle, hard metal, usually silver gray.
This is a highly polished metal that will not fade in the air.
It is unstable in oxygen.
However, due to its excellent hardness, corrosion resistance and polishing performance, chromium can be used in chromium plating, dye production, tanning, pigment production, mordant and wood protective agent and so on.
Vanadium is one of the strongest metals in the world.
It is a soft, rare and tough metal, usually gray white.
It is named after the Norwegian goddess of beauty, varnadis.
The atomic number of vanadium is 23, which is represented by the symbol V.
It was discovered by Andres Manuel in 1801.
China and Russia are the main producers of vanadium.
It naturally contains 65 different minerals and can be used in fossil fuel sediments.
This metal is gray and hard.
It can be used in many applications such as ferrovanadium, nitrides, carbides, iron and steel, powder metallurgy and so on.
It is also suitable for coatings and superconducting magnets. The melting point of vanadium is 1910 ℃.
As one of the strongest metals in the world, tantalum is a soft, shiny, silver and almost corrosion-resistant metal because of its oxide film on the surface.
Tantalum is widely used in aircraft engines and electrical equipment, such as capacitors.
Tantalum is almost free from chemical attack, which is why it is used in the chemical industry, such as heat exchangers in boilers for strong acid evaporation.
The symbol of tantalum is ta. Its atomic number is 73.
The boiling point and melting point of this strong metal are 5457 ° C and 3020 ° C respectively.
However, the main production areas include Thailand, Australia, Congo, Brazil, Portugal and Canada.