Explore Electrical Conductivity of Common Copper, Aluminum Alloys | MachineMFG

Explore Electrical Conductivity of Common Copper, Aluminum Alloys

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Copper, aluminum, and their alloys are frequently used materials in high-voltage switchgear products.

This standard lists the electrical conductivity of commonly used copper, aluminum, and their alloys, serving as a reference for design, process, quality inspection, and procurement personnel in their work.

1. Scope

This standard provides reference values for the electrical conductivity of copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It is intended for reference in the design, process, quality inspection, and procurement of high-voltage switch products and components.

2. Terminology

Electrical Conductivity

The reciprocal of resistivity is referred to as electrical conductivity. It corresponds to the current passing through a unit area when the conductor maintains a unit potential gradient (i.e., voltage difference).

According to the IEC standard, the electrical conductivity of standard soft copper with a resistivity of 1.7241μΩ·cm is taken as 100%, and the electrical conductivity of other materials is compared with it, expressed in %IACS.

Based on the above definition, this standard provides reference values for the electrical conductivity of materials with only resistivity found (highlighted in bold italics in the table). The calculation method is as follows:

Material’s conductivity ÷ Standard soft copper’s conductivity × 100% = IACS unit conductivity

For example; the resistivity of ZL101A is known to be 0.0442 x 16-6Ω.m, the conductivity is:

(1/0.0442) ÷ (1/0.017241) × 100% = 22.624 ÷ 58 × 100% = 39% IACS

3. Electrical Conductivity of Cast Copper and Copper Alloys

Refer to Table 1 for the electrical conductivity of cast copper and copper alloys.

Table 1: Electrical Conductivity of Cast Copper and Copper Alloys

4. Electrical Conductivity of Cast Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

Refer to Table 2 for the electrical conductivity of cast aluminum and aluminum alloys.

5. Electrical Conductivity of Machined Copper and Copper Alloys

The electrical conductivity of machined copper and copper alloys can be found in Table 3.

6. Electrical Conductivity of Machined Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

Please see Table 4 for the electrical conductivity of machined aluminum and aluminum alloys.

Table 2: Electrical Conductivity of Cast Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

Table 3: Electrical Conductivity of Processed Copper and Copper Alloys

Table 4: Electrical Conductivity of Processed Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

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