# Sheet Metal Density Chart (kg/m³ & g/mm³)

If you aim to accurately calculate the weight of various steel materials, you need to be aware of their respective densities such as steel, iron, aluminum, brass, etc.

This information can then be used to calculate the weight of various steel products such as MS plate, GI sheet, mild steel, stainless steel, MS angle, MS pipe, etc., using the weight calculation formula in kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3).

## Sheet Metal Density Chart

Below is the density table of various sheet metal materials.

## What Is the Specific Density of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys?

The specific density of aluminum and aluminum alloys varies widely, as they can be composed of different elements, including but not limited to aluminum, copper, magnesium, manganese, and silicon. The density of pure aluminum is approximately 2.7g/cm³, while the density of aluminum alloys varies depending on the alloy components.

For instance, the density of 6061 aluminum alloy is 2.75g/cm³, and the densities of other aluminum alloys can be 2.72, 2.73, or 2.82g/cm³.

Additionally, there are other types of aluminum alloys, such as the LF and LY series, with densities ranging from 2.64 to 2.73g/cm³.

The density of aluminum and aluminum alloys is not a fixed value but varies according to the specific alloy composition and type. The density of pure aluminum is approximately 2.7g/cm³, while the density of aluminum alloys can range from 2.64g/cm³ to 2.82g/cm³, depending on the type and composition of the alloy.

## What Is the Difference in Density Between Stainless Steel and Other Types of Stainless Steel (Such as 304, 316)?

The primary distinction in density between stainless steel and other types like 304 and 316 lies in their specific figures. The density of 304 stainless steel is approximately 7.93g/cm³, while the density of 316 stainless steel is slightly higher, about 8.03g/cm³.

This indicates that although both are types of stainless steel with similar physical and chemical properties, such as acid and alkali resistance, ease of processing, and high toughness, there are minor differences in their density.

This variation may be related to their composition, for instance, 316 stainless steel may contain more alloy elements like molybdenum (Mo), which might result in its density being marginally higher than 304 stainless steel.

Furthermore, from a broader perspective, the density of most stainless steel materials generally fluctuates between 7.70-8.00g/cm³, further confirming that the difference in density between 304 and 316 stainless steel is relatively small.

Therefore, despite the very similar applications and performance of 304 and 316 stainless steel, their densities are slightly different, likely due to subtle differences in their composition.

## How Does the Density of Soft Brass Sheets Compare to Other Brass Materials, Such as Hard Brass and Bronze?

The density of soft brass sheet ranges approximately between 8.50 and 8.80 *103 kg/m3. In contrast, the density of hard brass is not directly mentioned, but it can be inferred that its density might be similar or slightly different from ordinary brass. Hard brass typically refers to an alloy with a higher proportion of copper and zinc, which might affect its density. The density of bronze, on the other hand, lies between 7400 and 8900 kilograms per cubic meter.

From this data, it’s evident that the density of soft brass sheet is slightly lower than that of bronze but higher than that of copper (8.9~8.95 g/cm3 or 8.9~8.95*103 kg/m3). This implies that while soft brass sheet is not the lightest material, it still exhibits good performance, especially demonstrating wear resistance in applications such as machine bearing liners, valves, and pipe fittings.

Compared to other brass materials like hard brass and bronze, the density of soft brass sheet is slightly lower but still moderate, making it an ideal choice for a variety of industrial applications.

## What Is the Density of Beryllium Copper, and How Does It Compare to Pure Copper and Beryllium in Terms of Characteristics?

The density of beryllium copper ranges between 8.2g/cm³ and 8.75g/cm³, with specific values varying depending on the product and manufacturer. For instance, some sources cite a standard density of 8.6g/cm³, while some manufacturers produce it at a density of 8.4g/cm³.

On the other hand, the density of beryllium copper alloys like C17500 is 8.75g/cm³ before age hardening, and high-performance beryllium copper has a density of 8.3g/cm³. These figures suggest that the density of beryllium copper can vary based on its specific chemical composition, manufacturing process, and whether it undergoes age treatment.

Compared to pure copper, beryllium copper exhibits a variety of unique characteristics. First, beryllium copper is a precipitation hardening alloy that, following solution aging treatment, can significantly enhance its strength, hardness, elastic limit, and fatigue limit while maintaining minimal elastic hysteresis and providing good corrosion resistance, wear resistance, low temperature resistance, and non-magnetism.

Moreover, beryllium copper has high electrical and thermal conductivity, making it extremely useful in applications requiring good electrical or thermal performance. Lastly, because of its relatively high density, beryllium copper can offer superior mechanical and processing performance in certain applications.

With a density ranging from 8.2g/cm³ to 8.75g/cm³, beryllium copper exhibits a series of excellent physical, chemical, and mechanical properties compared to pure copper, such as high strength, high hardness, good corrosion resistance, and wear resistance. These characteristics make it highly sought after in a variety of industrial applications.

### What is the density of mild steel (ms)?

The density of ms is 7.85g/cm3, or 7850kg/m3

### What is the density of galvanized steel (gi)?

The density of galvanized steel is 7.85g/cm3 for Secc/Electro-Galvanized Steel and 8.03g/cm3 for ZINC PLATE/Galvanized Steel

### What is the density of the aluminum sheet?

The density of the aluminum sheet is 2.72g/cm3, or 2720kg/m3

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Author

#### Shane

##### Founder of MachineMFG

As the founder of MachineMFG, I have dedicated over a decade of my career to the metalworking industry. My extensive experience has allowed me to become an expert in the fields of sheet metal fabrication, machining, mechanical engineering, and machine tools for metals. I am constantly thinking, reading, and writing about these subjects, constantly striving to stay at the forefront of my field. Let my knowledge and expertise be an asset to your business.

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