Density Table of Metals and Alloys (Iron, Steel, Brass, Aluminum)

What is a density table?

A density table is a table that displays the density of a substance in the form of a table.

Density is a physical quantity with the symbol ρ.

We usually use density to describe the mass of a substance at a unit volume.

This concept is also frequently used in other natural sciences such as chemistry and materials science.

Features of density

Density reflects a property of the substance itself, which can therefore be influenced by external factors.

In general, the main physical quantities that affect the density of a substance are pressure and temperature.

Gas density is more affected by pressure and temperature.

Usually, the gas-only gives the density under standard conditions or at normal temperature and pressure.

Densities in other conditions can be calculated from the equation of the state of the gas (eg, the ideal gas state equation or the van der Waals equation).

The density of a liquid depends primarily on the composition of the liquid and is less affected by temperature (but sometimes it cannot be ignored).

High pressures can also have a significant impact.

The density of a solid varies with temperature and pressure and is similar to a liquid and is generally less pronounced.

Density table of metals and alloys

The table below lists the density values of common metals and alloys, including iron, carbon steel, steel wire, alloy steel, bearing steel, stainless steel, copper, brass, bronze, aluminum, magnesium, nickel, zinc, lead etc.

Hope it is of help to you.

Density Chart for Various Types of Metal and Alloy

Unit conversion:

  • 1 cm3 = 1000 kg/m3
  • 1 cm3 = 0.036 lb/in3
  • 1 cm3 = 62.428 lb/ft3

Metals Density
g/cm³ kg/m³ lb/in³ lb/ft³
Grey cast iron 6.6~7.4 6600-7400 0.2384-0.2673 412.03-461.97
White cast iron 7.4~7.7 7400-7700 0.2673-0.2781 461.97-480.70
Malleable iron 7.2~7.4 7200-7400 0.2601-0.2673 449.48-461.97
Cast steel 7.80 7800 0.2818 486.94
Industrial pure iron 7.87 7870 0.2843 491.31
Plain carbon steel 7.85 7850 0.2836 490.06
High quality carbon steel 7.85 7850 0.2836 490.06
Carbon tool steel 7.85 7850 0.2836 490.06
Free cutting steel 7.85 7850 0.2836 490.06
Manganese steel 7.81 7810 0.2822 487.56
15CrA chromium steel 7.74 7740 0.2796 483.19
20Cr, 30Cr, 40Cr chromium steel 7.82 7820 0.2825 488.19
38CrA chromium steel 7.80 7800 0.2818 486.94
Chromium vanadium, chromium nickel, chromium nickel molybdenum, chromium manganese, silicon, chromium manganese silicon nickel, silicon manganese, silicon chromium steel 7.85 7850 0.2836 490.06
7850 0.2836 490.06
Chromium nickel tungsten steel 7.80 7800 0.2818 486.94
Chromium molybdenum aluminum steel 7.65 7650 0.2764 477.57
High speed tool steel containing tungsten 9 8.30 8300 0.2999 518.15
High speed tool steel containing tungsten 18 8.70 8700 0.3143 543.12
High strength alloy steel 7.82 7820 0.2825 488.19
Bearing steel 7.81 7810 0.2822 487.56
Stainless steel 0Cr13,1Cr13,2Cr13,3Cr13,4Cr13,Cr17Ni2,Cr18,9Cr18,Cr25,Cr28 7.75 7750 0.2800 483.82
Cr14,Cr17 7.70 7700 0.2782 480.70
0Cr18Ni9,1Cr18Ni9,Cr18Ni9Ti,2Cr18Ni9 7.85 7850 0.2836 490.06
1Cr18Ni11Si4A1Ti 7.52 7520 0.2717 469.46
7 Aluminum bronze 7.80 7800 0.2818 486.94
19-2 Aluminum bronze 7.60 7600 0.2746 474.45
9-4,10-3-1.5 Aluminum bronze 7.50 7500 0.2710 468.21
10-4-4 Aluminum bronze 7.46 7460 0.2695 465.71
Beryllium bronze 8.30 8300 0.2999 518.15
3-1 Silicon bronze 8.47 8470 0.3060 528.77
1-3 Silicon bronze 8.60 8600 0.3107 536.88
1 Beryllium bronze 8.80 8800 0.3179 549.37
0.5 cadmium bronze 8.90 8900 0.3215 555.61
0.5 chrome bronze 8.90 8900 0.3215 555.61
1.5 Manganese bronze 8.80 8800 0.3179 549.37
5 Manganese bronze 8.60 8600 0.3107 536.88
Cupronickel B5,B19,B30,BMn40-1.5 8.90 8900 0.3215 555.61
BMn3-12 8.40 8400 0.3035 524.40
BZN15-20 8.60 8600 0.3107 536.88
BA16-1.5 8.70 8700 0.3143 543.12
BA113-3 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
Pure aluminum 2.70 2700 0.0975 168.56
Antirust aluminium LF2,LF43 2.68 2680 0.0968 167.31
LF3 2.67 2670 0.0965 166.68
LF5,LF10,LF11 2.65 2650 0.0957 165.43
LF6 2.64 2640 0.0954 164.81
LF21 2.73 2730 0.0986 170.43
Duralumin LY1,LY2,LY4,LY6 2.76 2760 0.0997 172.30
LY3 2.73 2730 0.0986 170.43
LY7,LY8,LY10,LY11,LY14 2.80 2800 0.1012 174.80
LY9,LY12 2.78 2780 0.1004 173.55
LY16,LY17 2.84 2840 0.1026 177.30
Wrought aluminium LD2,LD30 2.70 2700 0.0975 168.56
LD4 2.65 2650 0.0957 165.43
LD5 2.75 2750 0.0994 171.68
Stainless steel 1Crl8NillNb,Cr23Ni18 7.90 7900 0.2854 493.18
2Cr13Ni4Mn9 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
3Cr13Ni7Si2 8.00 8000 0.2890 499.42
Pure copper 8.90 8900 0.3215 555.61
59, 62, 65, 68 Brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
80, 85, 90 Brass 8.70 8700 0.3143 543.12
96 Brass 8.80 8800 0.3179 549.37
59-1, 63-3 lead brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
74-3 Lead Brass 8.70 8700 0.3143 543.12
90-1 tin brass 8.80 8800 0.3179 549.37
70-1 tin brass 8.54 8540 0.3085 533.14
60-1 and 62-1 tin brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
77-2 aluminum brass 8.60 8600 0.3107 536.88
67-2.5, 66-6-3-2, 60-1-1 aluminum brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
Nickel brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
Manganese brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
Silicon brass, nickel brass, iron brass 8.50 8500 0.3071 530.64
5-5-5 Cast tin bronze 8.80 8800 0.3179 549.37
3-12-5 Cast tin bronze 8.69 8690 0.3139 542.50
6-6-3 Cast tin bronze 8.82 8820 0.3186 550.61
7-0.2, 6.5-0.4, 6.5-0.1, 4-3 tin bronze 8.80 8800 0.3179 549.37
4-0.3, 4-4-4 tin bronze 8.90 8900 0.3215 555.61
4-4-2.5 Tin bronze 8.75 8750 0.3161 546.25
5 Aluminum bronze 8.20 8200 0.2962 511.91
Wrought aluminum LD8 2.77 2770 0.1001 172.93
LD7,LD9,LD10 2.80 2800 0.1012 174.80
Superduralumin 2.85 2850 0.1030 177.92
LT1 special aluminum 2.75 2750 0.0994 171.68
Industrial pure magnesium 1.74 1740 0.0629 108.62
Wrought magnesium MB1 1.76 1760 0.0636 109.87
MB2,MB8 1.78 1780 0.0643 111.12
MB3 1.79 1790 0.0647 111.75
MB5,MB6,MB7,MB15 1.80 1800 0.0650 112.37
Cast magnesium 1.80 1800 0.0650 112.37
Industrial pure titanium (TA1, TA2, TA3) 4.50 4500 0.1626 280.93
Titanium alloy TA4,TA5,TC6 4.45 4450 0.1608 277.80
TA6 4.40 4400 0.1590 274.68
TA7,TC5 4.46 4460 0.1611 278.43
TA8 4.56 4560 0.1647 284.67
TB1,TB2 4.89 4890 0.1767 305.27
TC1,TC2 4.55 4550 0.1644 284.05
TC3,TC4 4.43 4430 0.1600 276.56
Titanium alloy TC7 4.40 4400 0.1590 274.68
TC8 4.48 4480 0.1619 279.68
TC9 4.52 4520 0.1633 282.17
TC10 4.53 4530 0.1637 282.80
Pure nickel, anode nickel, electric vacuum nickel 8.85 8850 0.3197 552.49
Nickel copper, nickel magnesium, nickel silicon alloy 8.85 8850 0.3197 552.49
Nickel chromium alloy 8.72 8720 0.3150 544.37
Zinc ingot (Zn0.1, Zn1, Zn2, Zn3) 7.15 7150 0.2583 446.36
Cast zinc 6.86 6860 0.2478 428.26
4-1 Cast zinc aluminum alloy 6.90 6900 0.2493 430.75
4-0.5 Cast zinc aluminum alloy 6.75 6750 0.2439 421.39
Lead and lead antimony alloys 11.37 11370 0.4108 709.81
Lead anode plate 11.33 11330 0.4093 707.31

FAQs about metal density

What is the density of steel and iron?

The density of steel is usually 7.8 g/cm3.

The density of gray cast iron is 6.6 ~ 7.4 g/cm3;

The density of white cast iron is 7.4 ~ 7.72 g/cm3;

The density of malleable cast iron is 7.2 ~ 7.43 g/cm3;

The density of cast steel is 7.8 g/cm3;

The density of industrial pure iron is 7.8759 g/cm3.

What is the density of brass?

What is the density of copper?

The chemical symbol of copper is Cu, which is a transition metal.

There are many classifications of copper.

If the copper content reaches 99.5-99.95%, it is pure copper.

Pure copper is also called “red copper”, which is generally divided into oxygen free copper, oxygen copper and special copper.

If it is an alloy of copper and zinc, it is brass.

The copper base alloy with nickel as the main additive element is called white copper, which is silver white and has metallic luster, so it is called white copper.

Bronze originally refers to copper tin alloy, and later copper alloys other than brass and white copper are called bronze.

Of course, the copper density is different for different copper.

Let’s first talk about the definition of copper density.

Definition of copper density: the ratio of copper mass to copper volume is called copper density.

Formula for copper density:

  • Formula for copper density: ρ= m/V, ρ= dm/dV( ρM represents mass, V represents volume)
  • Deformation of copper density formula: v = m/ρ, m= ρV,m=∫ρ(V)dV。
  • The mass m can be measured by a balance, and the volume V of liquid and irregularly shaped solid can be measured by a measuring cylinder or a measuring cup.
  • The density of a substance is constant, and it does not change with volume and mass. The density of different grades of copper does not change with the volume.

The density of different copper is different, but it can be roughly divided into the following types:

  • The density of pure copper, and oxygen-free copper is 8.9 (g/cm3), and the density of phosphorus-deoxidized copper is 8.89 (g/cm3).
  • The density of processed brass is 8.5-8.8 (g/cm3) and the density of cast brass is 7.7-8.55 (g/cm3).
  • The density of processed bronze is 7.5-8.9 (g/cm3) and the density of cast bronze is 7.45-9.54 (g/cm3).
  • The density of white copper is 8.4-8.9 (g/cm3).

How to calculate the density of steel?

The steel density calculation formula is: ρ= m/V。

Density unit: the international unit is kg/m3, and the common unit in the experiment is g/cm3, 1g/cm3 = 103kg/m3.

The density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3;

The weight of iron can be measured by Archimedes’ law.

First, tie the iron block with a thin rope and weigh the gravity G of the metal block with a spring scale.

Then completely immerse the metal block in the water and weigh the apparent weight G’ of the metal block in the water with a spring scale.

Finally, by calculating the weight of iron via the formula ρ=Gρwater/(G-G’) and you will get the result that the density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3 or 0.28 lb/in3.

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