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Comprehensive Metal Density Table – Iron, Steel, Brass & Aluminum

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Key takeaways:

1. The source provides a comprehensive reference for the densities of various metals and alloys, essential data for engineering and materials science fields, where precise knowledge of a material's mass-to-volume ratio informs decisions about product design, material selection, and quality control.

2. By offering density values in multiple units (g/cm³, kg/m³, lb/in³, lb/ft³), the table caters to a global audience, accommodating different measurement systems and ensuring that the data is accessible and applicable across various industries and scientific disciplines.

3. The inclusion of a wide range of metals—from pure elements like aluminum to complex alloys like beryllium bronze—reflects the diversity of material properties engineers must consider, highlighting the importance of density in determining the suitability of a metal for specific applications based on weight, strength, and performance criteria.

The mass of a certain substance per unit volume is referred to as the density of that substance, represented by the symbol “ρ”.

The formula for density is: P=m/v.

This expression is known as the definition of density, meaning the ratio of the object’s mass (m) to its volume (v), referred to as the density (ρ) of the material composing the object.

Comprehensive Metal Density Table - Iron, Steel, Brass & Aluminum

Engineers frequently need to utilize the property of density during the process of estimating product weight. We provide a reference table for the density of some commonly used metals:

Density Chart for Various Types of Metal and Alloy

MetalsDensity
g/cm³kg/m³lb/in³lb/ft³
Gray Cast Iron6.6-7.46600-74000.2384-0.2673412.03-461.97
White Cast Iron7.4-7.77400-77000.2673-0.2781461.97-480.70
Malleable Cast Iron7.2-7.47200-74000.2601-0.2673449.48-461.97
Cast Steel7.878000.2818 486.94
Industrial Pure Iron7.8778700.2843 491.31
Mild Carbon Steel7.8578500.2836 490.06
High-quality Carbon Steel7.8578500.2836 490.06
Carbon Tool Steel7.8578500.2836 490.06
Free-cutting Steel7.8578500.2836 490.06
Manganese Steel7.8178100.2822 487.56
15CrA Chromium Steel7.7477400.2796 483.19
20Cr, 30Cr, 40Cr Chromium Steel7.8278200.2825 488.19
38CrA Chromium Steel7.878000.2818 486.94
Chromium Vanadium, Chromium Nickel, Chromium Nickel Molybdenum, Chromium Manganese7.8578500.2836 490.06
Silicon, Chromium Manganese Silicon Nickel, Silicon Manganese, Silicon Chromium Steel
Chromium Nickel Tungsten Steel7.878000.2818 486.94
Chromium Molybdenum Aluminum Steel7.6576500.2764 477.57
9% Tungsten High-Speed Tool Steel8.383000.2999 518.15
18% Tungsten High-Speed Tool Steel8.787000.3143 543.12
High-Strength Alloy Steel7.8278200.2825 488.19
Bearing Steel7.8178100.2822 487.56
Stainless Steel0Cr13, 1Cr13, 2Cr13, 3Cr13, 4Cr13, Cr17Ni2, Cr18, 9Cr18, Cr25, Cr287.7577500.2800 483.82
Cr14, Cr177.777000.2782 480.70
0Cr18Ni9, 1Cr18Ni9, 1Cr18Ni9Ti,7.8578500.2836 490.06
2Cr18Ni90.0000 0.00
1Cr18Ni11Si4A1Ti7.5275200.2717 469.46
7 Aluminum Bronze7.878000.2818 486.94
19-2 Aluminum Bronze7.676000.2746 474.45
9-4, 10-3-1.5 Aluminum Bronze7.575000.2710 468.21
10-4-4 Aluminum Bronze7.4674600.2695 465.71
Beryllium Bronze8.383000.2999 518.15
3-1 Silicon Bronze8.4784700.3060 528.77
1-3 Silicon Bronze8.686000.3107 536.88
1 Beryllium Bronze8.888000.3179 549.37
0.5 Cadmium Bronze8.989000.3215 555.61
0.5 Chromium Bronze8.989000.3215 555.61
1.5 Manganese Bronze8.888000.3179 549.37
5 Manganese Bronze8.686000.3107 536.88
CupronickelB5, B19, B30, BMn40-1.58.989000.3215 555.61
BMn3-128.484000.3035 524.40
BZN15-208.686000.3107 536.88
BA16-1.58.787000.3143 543.12
BA113-38.585000.3071 530.64
Pure Aluminum2.727000.0975 168.56
Rust-Proof AluminumLF2, LF432.6826800.0968 167.31
LF32.6726700.0965 166.68
LF5, LF10, LF112.6526500.0957 165.43
LF62.6426400.0954 164.81
LF212.7327300.0986 170.43
Hard AluminumLY1, LY2, LY4, LY62.7627600.0997 172.30
LY32.7327300.0986 170.43
LY7, LY8, LY10, LY11, LY142.828000.1012 174.80
LY9, LY122.7827800.1004 173.55
LY16, LY172.8428400.1026 177.30
Forged AluminumLD2, LD302.727000.0975 168.56
LD42.6526500.0957 165.43
LD52.7527500.0994 171.68
Stainless Steel1Crl8NillNb, Cr23Ni187.979000.2854 493.18
2Cr13Ni4Mn98.585000.3071 530.64
3Cr13Ni7Si2880000.2890 499.42
Pure Copper Material8.989000.3215 555.61
59, 62, 65, 68 Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
80, 85, 90 Brass8.787000.3143 543.12
96 Brass8.888000.3179 549.37
59-1, 63-3 Lead Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
74-3 Lead Brass8.787000.3143 543.12
90-1 Tin Brass8.888000.3179 549.37
70-1 Tin Brass8.5485400.3085 533.14
60-1 and 62-1 Tin Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
77-2 Aluminum Brass8.686000.3107 536.88
67-2.5, 66-6-3-2, 60-1-1 Aluminum Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
Nickel Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
Manganese Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
Silicon Brass, Nickel Brass, Iron Brass8.585000.3071 530.64
5-5-5 Cast Tin Bronze8.888000.3179 549.37
3-12-5 Cast Tin Bronze8.6986900.3139 542.50
6-6-3 Cast Tin Bronze8.8288200.3186 550.61
7-0.2, 6.5-0.4, 6.5-0.1, 4-3 Tin Bronze8.888000.3179 549.37
4-0.3, 4-4-4 Tin Bronze8.989000.3215 555.61
4-4-2.5 Tin Bronze8.7587500.3161 546.25
5 Aluminum Bronze8.282000.2962 511.91
Forged AluminumLD82.7727700.1001 172.93
LD7, LD9, LD102.828000.1012 174.80
Super Hard Aluminum2.8528500.1030 177.92
LT1 Special Aluminum2.7527500.0994 171.68
Industrial Pure Magnesium1.7417400.0629 108.62
Deformed MagnesiumMB11.7617600.0636 109.87
MB2, MB81.7817800.0643 111.12
MB31.7917900.0647 111.75
MB5, MB6, MB7, MB151.818000.0650 112.37
Cast Magnesium1.818000.0650 112.37
Industrial Pure Titanium (TA1, TA2, TA3)4.545000.1626 280.93
Titanium AlloyTA4, TA5, TC64.4544500.1608 277.80
TA64.444000.1590 274.68
TA7, TC54.4644600.1611 278.43
TA84.5645600.1647 284.67
TB1, TB24.8948900.1767 305.27
TC1, TC24.5545500.1644 284.05
TC3, TC44.4344300.1600 276.56
TC74.444000.1590 274.68
TC84.4844800.1619 279.68
TC94.5245200.1633 282.17
TC104.5345300.1637 282.80
Pure Nickel, Anode Nickel, Electric Vacuum Nickel8.8588500.3197 552.49
Nickel Copper, Nickel Magnesium, Nickel Silicon Alloy8.8588500.3197 552.49
Nickel Chromium Alloy8.7287200.3150 544.37
Zinc Ingot (Zn0.1, Zn1, Zn2, Zn3)7.1571500.2583 446.36
Cast Zinc6.8668600.2478 428.26
4-1 Cast Zinc Aluminum Alloy6.969000.2493 430.75
4-0.5 Cast Zinc Aluminum Alloy6.7567500.2439 421.39
Lead and Lead Antimony Alloy11.37113700.4108 709.81
Lead Anode Plate11.33113300.4093 707.31

Unit conversion:

  • 1g/cm3 = 1000 kg/m3
  • 1g/cm3 = 0.036 lb/in3
  • 1g/cm3 = 62.428 lb/ft3

Density of Metals and Alloys

Absolutely, here’s the complete and uninterrupted list of densities for various metals and alloys as per the “Density Chart for Various Types of Metal and Alloy” on MachineMfg.com:

  1. Gray Cast Iron: The density of gray cast iron ranges between 6.6-7.4 g/cm³, or 6600-7400 kg/m³.
  2. White Cast Iron: White cast iron has a density of 7.4-7.7 g/cm³, or 7400-7700 kg/m³.
  3. Malleable Cast Iron: Malleable cast iron possesses a density of 7.2-7.4 g/cm³, equivalent to 7200-7400 kg/m³.
  4. Cast Steel: The density of cast steel is approximately 7.8 g/cm³, or 7800 kg/m³.
  5. Industrial Pure Iron: Industrial pure iron features a density of around 7.87 g/cm³, which is 7870 kg/m³.
  6. Mild Carbon Steel: Mild carbon steel has a density of 7.85 g/cm³, translating to 7850 kg/m³.
  7. High-Quality Carbon Steel: The density for high-quality carbon steel is also 7.85 g/cm³, or 7850 kg/m³.
  8. Carbon Tool Steel: Carbon tool steel’s density is 7.85 g/cm³, equivalent to 7850 kg/m³.
  9. Free-Cutting Steel: Free-cutting steel has a density of 7.85 g/cm³, or 7850 kg/m³.
  10. Manganese Steel: Manganese steel shows a density of 7.81 g/cm³, which is 7810 kg/m³.
  11. 15CrA Chromium Steel: This steel type has a density of 7.74 g/cm³, or 7740 kg/m³.
  12. 20Cr, 30Cr, 40Cr Chromium Steel: These chromium steels have a density of 7.82 g/cm³, equivalent to 7820 kg/m³.
  13. 38CrA Chromium Steel: The density of 38CrA chromium steel is 7.8 g/cm³, or 7800 kg/m³.
  14. Chromium Vanadium, Chromium Nickel, Chromium Nickel Molybdenum, Chromium Manganese Steel: These varieties have a density of 7.85 g/cm³, translating to 7850 kg/m³.
  15. Silicon, Chromium Manganese Silicon Nickel, Silicon Manganese, Silicon Chromium Steel: These steel types have a density of 7.85 g/cm³, or 7850 kg/m³.
  16. Chromium Nickel Tungsten Steel: This steel has a density of 7.8 g/cm³, which is 7800 kg/m³.
  17. Chromium Molybdenum Aluminum Steel: The density is 7.65 g/cm³, or 7650 kg/m³.
  18. 9% Tungsten High-Speed Tool Steel: This tool steel has a density of 8.3 g/cm³, equivalent to 8300 kg/m³.
  19. 18% Tungsten High-Speed Tool Steel: It possesses a density of 8.78 g/cm³, or 8780 kg/m³.
  20. High-Strength Alloy Steel: The density of high-strength alloy steel is 7.82 g/cm³, translating to 7820 kg/m³.
  21. Bearing Steel: Bearing steel features a density of 7.81 g/cm³, which is 7810 kg/m³.
  22. Stainless Steel (0Cr13 to Cr28): These stainless steel types range in density from 7.75 to 7.85 g/cm³, or 7750 to 7850 kg/m³.
  23. Aluminum Bronze (various types): The density of these types of aluminum bronze ranges from 7.5 to 7.87 g/cm³, or 7500 to 7870 kg/m³.
  24. Beryllium Bronze: Beryllium bronze has a density of 8.3 g/cm³, equivalent to 8300 kg/m³.
  25. Silicon Bronze (various types): The density of these silicon bronzes ranges from 8.4 to 8.68 g/cm³, or 8400 to 8680 kg/m³.
  26. Cadmium Bronze: This bronze variant has a density of 8.9 g/cm³, or 8900 kg/m³.
  27. Chromium Bronze: Chromium bronze also features a density of 8.9 g/cm³, translating to 8900 kg/m³.
  28. Manganese Bronze (various types): Manganese bronze types range in density from 8.6 to 8.88 g/cm³, or 8600 to 8880 kg/m³.
  29. Cupronickel (various types): These types of cupronickel have densities ranging from 8.48 to 8.98 g/cm³, or 8480 to 8980 kg/m³.
  30. Pure Aluminum: Pure aluminum has a density of 2.7 g/cm³, which is 2700 kg/m³.
  31. Rust-Proof Aluminum (various types): The density of these types of rust-proof aluminum ranges from 2.65 to 2.73 g/cm³, or 2650 to 2730 kg/m³.
  32. Hard Aluminum (various types): These types of hard aluminum have densities ranging from 2.76 to 2.84 g/cm³, or 2760 to 2840 kg/m³.
  33. Forged Aluminum (various types): The density of these types of forged aluminum ranges from 2.65 to 2.82 g/cm³, or 2650 to 2820 kg/m³.
  34. Stainless Steel (additional types): These additional types of stainless steel range in density from 7.75 to 7.97 g/cm³, or 7750 to 7970 kg/m³.
  35. Pure Copper Material: Pure copper material has a density of 8.9 g/cm³, equivalent to 8900 kg/m³.
  36. Brass (various types): These types of brass have densities ranging from 8.54 to 8.88 g/cm³, or 8540 to 8880 kg/m³.
  37. Aluminum Brass (various types): The density of these types of aluminum brass ranges from 8.58 to 8.68 g/cm³, or 8580 to 8680 kg/m³.
  38. Nickel Brass: Nickel brass features a density of 8.58 g/cm³, which is 8580 kg/m³.
  39. Manganese Brass: Manganese brass also has a density of 8.58 g/cm³, translating to 8580 kg/m³.
  40. Silicon Brass, Nickel Brass, Iron Brass: These types of brass have a density of 8.58 g/cm³, or 8580 kg/m³.
  41. Cast Tin Bronze (various types): The density of these types of cast tin bronze ranges from 8.69 to 8.89 g/cm³, or 8690 to 8880 kg/m³.
  42. 5-5-5 Cast Tin Bronze: This type of cast tin bronze has a density of 8.88 g/cm³, equivalent to 8880 kg/m³.
  43. Forged Aluminum (additional types): These additional types of forged aluminum range in density from 2.77 to 2.85 g/cm³, or 2770 to 2850 kg/m³.
  44. Super Hard Aluminum: Super hard aluminum has a density of 2.85 g/cm³, which is 2850 kg/m³.
  45. LT1 Special Aluminum: LT1 special aluminum features a density of 2.75 g/cm³, translating to 2750 kg/m³.
  46. Industrial Pure Magnesium: Industrial pure magnesium has a density of 1.74 g/cm³, or 1740 kg/m³.
  47. Deformed Magnesium (various types): The density of these types of deformed magnesium ranges from 1.76 to 1.81 g/cm³, or 1760 to 1810 kg/m³.
  48. Cast Magnesium: Cast magnesium has a density of 1.81 g/cm³, equivalent to 1810 kg/m³.
  49. Industrial Pure Titanium (TA1, TA2, TA3): These types of industrial pure titanium have a density of 4.54 g/cm³, or 4540 kg/m³.
  50. Titanium Alloy (various types): The density of these titanium alloys ranges from 4.43 to 4.89 g/cm³, which is 4430 to 4890 kg/m³.
  51. Pure Nickel, Anode Nickel, Electric Vacuum Nickel: These types of nickel have a density of 8.85 g/cm³, translating to 8850 kg/m³.
  52. Nickel Copper, Nickel Magnesium, Nickel Silicon Alloy: These nickel alloys also have a density of 8.85 g/cm³, or 8850 kg/m³.
  53. Nickel Chromium Alloy: The density is 8.72 g/cm³, which is 8720 kg/m³.
  54. Zinc Ingot (Zn0.1, Zn1, Zn2, Zn3): The density is 7.15 g/cm³, equivalent to 7150 kg/m³.
  55. Cast Zinc: The density is 6.86 g/cm³, or 6860 kg/m³.
  56. 4-1 Cast Zinc Aluminum Alloy: The density is 6.96 g/cm³, which is 6960 kg/m³.
  57. 4-0.5 Cast Zinc Aluminum Alloy: The density is 6.75 g/cm³, equivalent to 6750 kg/m³.
  58. Lead and Lead Antimony Alloy: The density is 11.37 g/cm³, or 11370 kg/m³.
  59. Lead Anode Plate: The density of a lead anode plate is 11.33 g/cm³, or 11330 kg/m³.

Top 10 Metals With the Highest Density

The list below provides the ten metals with the highest density.

RankMetalDensity (g/cm³)
1Osmium22.59
2Iridium22.56
3Platinum21.45
4Rhenium21.04
5Neptunium20.45
6Plutonium19.82
7Tungsten19.35
8Gold19.32
9Tantalum16.65
10Mercury13.58

This table lists the metals in descending order of density, with Osmium being the densest at 22.59 g/cm³ and Mercury being the least dense among the top ten at 13.58 g/cm³.

FAQs about metal density

What is the density of steel and iron?

The density of steel is usually 7.8 g/cm3.

The density of gray cast iron is 6.6 ~ 7.4 g/cm3;

The density of white cast iron is 7.4 ~ 7.72 g/cm3;

The density of malleable cast iron is 7.2 ~ 7.43 g/cm3;

The density of cast steel is 7.8 g/cm3;

The density of industrial pure iron is 7.8759 g/cm3.

What is the density of brass?

What is the density of copper?

Copper is a transition metal and is represented by the chemical symbol “Cu”.

There are several classifications of copper, including pure copper, brass, and bronze. Pure copper, also known as “red copper”, is defined as copper with a copper content of 99.5-99.95%.

There are three subtypes of pure copper, which include oxygen-free copper, oxygen copper, and special copper.

Brass is an alloy made from copper and zinc. White copper, on the other hand, is an alloy of copper and nickel, which is characterized by its silver-white appearance and metallic luster.

Bronze is a term originally used to describe a copper-tin alloy, but it has since been extended to encompass all copper alloys other than brass and white copper.

The density of copper varies depending on the type of copper. The density of copper is defined as the ratio of its mass to its volume.

Formula for copper density:

  • Formula for copper density: ρ= m/V, ρ= dm/dV( ρM represents mass, V represents volume)
  • Deformation of copper density formula: v = m/ρ, m= ρV,m=∫ρ(V)dV。
  • The mass m can be measured by a balance, and the volume V of liquid and irregularly shaped solid can be measured by a measuring cylinder or a measuring cup.
  • The density of a substance is constant, and it does not change with volume and mass. The density of different grades of copper does not change with the volume.

The density of different copper is different, but it can be roughly divided into the following types:

  • The density of pure copper, and oxygen-free copper is 8.9 (g/cm3), and the density of phosphorus-deoxidized copper is 8.89 (g/cm3).
  • The density of processed brass is 8.5-8.8 (g/cm3) and the density of cast brass is 7.7-8.55 (g/cm3).
  • The density of processed bronze is 7.5-8.9 (g/cm3) and the density of cast bronze is 7.45-9.54 (g/cm3).
  • The density of white copper is 8.4-8.9 (g/cm3).

How to calculate the density of steel?

The steel density calculation formula is: ρ= m/V。

Density unit: the international unit is kg/m3, and the common unit in the experiment is g/cm3, 1g/cm3 = 103kg/m3.

The density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3;

The weight of iron can be determined using Archimedes’ principle.

To do this, first, suspend the iron block from a thin rope and measure its true weight, “G,” using a spring scale.

Next, fully immerse the iron block in water and measure its apparent weight, “G’,” by using the spring scale while it is in the water.

Finally, by calculating the weight of iron via the formula ρ=Gρwater/(G-G’), you will get the result that the density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3 or 0.28 lb/in3.

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