Comprehensive Metal Density Table – Iron, Steel, Brass & Aluminum

Have you ever wondered about the fascinating world of metal densities? In this blog post, we’ll dive into the importance of understanding metal densities for mechanical engineers. As an experienced writer in the field, I’ll share insights on how density affects product weight estimation and provide a handy reference table for commonly used metals. Get ready to expand your knowledge and discover the secrets behind this crucial material property!

The mass of a certain substance per unit volume is referred to as the density of that substance, represented by the symbol “ρ”.

The formula for density is: P=m/v.

This expression is known as the definition of density, meaning the ratio of the object’s mass (m) to its volume (v), referred to as the density (ρ) of the material composing the object.

Engineers frequently need to utilize the property of density during the process of estimating product weight. We provide a reference table for the density of some commonly used metals:

Density Chart for Various Types of Metal and Alloy

Unit conversion：

• 1g/cm3 = 1000 kg/m3
• 1g/cm3 = 0.036 lb/in3
• 1g/cm3 = 62.428 lb/ft3

Density of Metals and Alloys

Absolutely, here’s the complete and uninterrupted list of densities for various metals and alloys as per the “Density Chart for Various Types of Metal and Alloy” on MachineMfg.com:

1. Gray Cast Iron: The density of gray cast iron ranges between 6.6-7.4 g/cm³, or 6600-7400 kg/m³.
2. White Cast Iron: White cast iron has a density of 7.4-7.7 g/cm³, or 7400-7700 kg/m³.
3. Malleable Cast Iron: Malleable cast iron possesses a density of 7.2-7.4 g/cm³, equivalent to 7200-7400 kg/m³.
4. Cast Steel: The density of cast steel is approximately 7.8 g/cm³, or 7800 kg/m³.
5. Industrial Pure Iron: Industrial pure iron features a density of around 7.87 g/cm³, which is 7870 kg/m³.
6. Mild Carbon Steel: Mild carbon steel has a density of 7.85 g/cm³, translating to 7850 kg/m³.
7. High-Quality Carbon Steel: The density for high-quality carbon steel is also 7.85 g/cm³, or 7850 kg/m³.
8. Carbon Tool Steel: Carbon tool steel’s density is 7.85 g/cm³, equivalent to 7850 kg/m³.
9. Free-Cutting Steel: Free-cutting steel has a density of 7.85 g/cm³, or 7850 kg/m³.
10. Manganese Steel: Manganese steel shows a density of 7.81 g/cm³, which is 7810 kg/m³.
11. 15CrA Chromium Steel: This steel type has a density of 7.74 g/cm³, or 7740 kg/m³.
12. 20Cr, 30Cr, 40Cr Chromium Steel: These chromium steels have a density of 7.82 g/cm³, equivalent to 7820 kg/m³.
13. 38CrA Chromium Steel: The density of 38CrA chromium steel is 7.8 g/cm³, or 7800 kg/m³.
14. Chromium Vanadium, Chromium Nickel, Chromium Nickel Molybdenum, Chromium Manganese Steel: These varieties have a density of 7.85 g/cm³, translating to 7850 kg/m³.
15. Silicon, Chromium Manganese Silicon Nickel, Silicon Manganese, Silicon Chromium Steel: These steel types have a density of 7.85 g/cm³, or 7850 kg/m³.
16. Chromium Nickel Tungsten Steel: This steel has a density of 7.8 g/cm³, which is 7800 kg/m³.
17. Chromium Molybdenum Aluminum Steel: The density is 7.65 g/cm³, or 7650 kg/m³.
18. 9% Tungsten High-Speed Tool Steel: This tool steel has a density of 8.3 g/cm³, equivalent to 8300 kg/m³.
19. 18% Tungsten High-Speed Tool Steel: It possesses a density of 8.78 g/cm³, or 8780 kg/m³.
20. High-Strength Alloy Steel: The density of high-strength alloy steel is 7.82 g/cm³, translating to 7820 kg/m³.
21. Bearing Steel: Bearing steel features a density of 7.81 g/cm³, which is 7810 kg/m³.
22. Stainless Steel (0Cr13 to Cr28): These stainless steel types range in density from 7.75 to 7.85 g/cm³, or 7750 to 7850 kg/m³.
23. Aluminum Bronze (various types): The density of these types of aluminum bronze ranges from 7.5 to 7.87 g/cm³, or 7500 to 7870 kg/m³.
24. Beryllium Bronze: Beryllium bronze has a density of 8.3 g/cm³, equivalent to 8300 kg/m³.
25. Silicon Bronze (various types): The density of these silicon bronzes ranges from 8.4 to 8.68 g/cm³, or 8400 to 8680 kg/m³.
26. Cadmium Bronze: This bronze variant has a density of 8.9 g/cm³, or 8900 kg/m³.
27. Chromium Bronze: Chromium bronze also features a density of 8.9 g/cm³, translating to 8900 kg/m³.
28. Manganese Bronze (various types): Manganese bronze types range in density from 8.6 to 8.88 g/cm³, or 8600 to 8880 kg/m³.
29. Cupronickel (various types): These types of cupronickel have densities ranging from 8.48 to 8.98 g/cm³, or 8480 to 8980 kg/m³.
30. Pure Aluminum: Pure aluminum has a density of 2.7 g/cm³, which is 2700 kg/m³.
31. Rust-Proof Aluminum (various types): The density of these types of rust-proof aluminum ranges from 2.65 to 2.73 g/cm³, or 2650 to 2730 kg/m³.
32. Hard Aluminum (various types): These types of hard aluminum have densities ranging from 2.76 to 2.84 g/cm³, or 2760 to 2840 kg/m³.
33. Forged Aluminum (various types): The density of these types of forged aluminum ranges from 2.65 to 2.82 g/cm³, or 2650 to 2820 kg/m³.
34. Stainless Steel (additional types): These additional types of stainless steel range in density from 7.75 to 7.97 g/cm³, or 7750 to 7970 kg/m³.
35. Pure Copper Material: Pure copper material has a density of 8.9 g/cm³, equivalent to 8900 kg/m³.
36. Brass (various types): These types of brass have densities ranging from 8.54 to 8.88 g/cm³, or 8540 to 8880 kg/m³.
37. Aluminum Brass (various types): The density of these types of aluminum brass ranges from 8.58 to 8.68 g/cm³, or 8580 to 8680 kg/m³.
38. Nickel Brass: Nickel brass features a density of 8.58 g/cm³, which is 8580 kg/m³.
39. Manganese Brass: Manganese brass also has a density of 8.58 g/cm³, translating to 8580 kg/m³.
40. Silicon Brass, Nickel Brass, Iron Brass: These types of brass have a density of 8.58 g/cm³, or 8580 kg/m³.
41. Cast Tin Bronze (various types): The density of these types of cast tin bronze ranges from 8.69 to 8.89 g/cm³, or 8690 to 8880 kg/m³.
42. 5-5-5 Cast Tin Bronze: This type of cast tin bronze has a density of 8.88 g/cm³, equivalent to 8880 kg/m³.
43. Forged Aluminum (additional types): These additional types of forged aluminum range in density from 2.77 to 2.85 g/cm³, or 2770 to 2850 kg/m³.
44. Super Hard Aluminum: Super hard aluminum has a density of 2.85 g/cm³, which is 2850 kg/m³.
45. LT1 Special Aluminum: LT1 special aluminum features a density of 2.75 g/cm³, translating to 2750 kg/m³.
46. Industrial Pure Magnesium: Industrial pure magnesium has a density of 1.74 g/cm³, or 1740 kg/m³.
47. Deformed Magnesium (various types): The density of these types of deformed magnesium ranges from 1.76 to 1.81 g/cm³, or 1760 to 1810 kg/m³.
48. Cast Magnesium: Cast magnesium has a density of 1.81 g/cm³, equivalent to 1810 kg/m³.
49. Industrial Pure Titanium (TA1, TA2, TA3): These types of industrial pure titanium have a density of 4.54 g/cm³, or 4540 kg/m³.
50. Titanium Alloy (various types): The density of these titanium alloys ranges from 4.43 to 4.89 g/cm³, which is 4430 to 4890 kg/m³.
51. Pure Nickel, Anode Nickel, Electric Vacuum Nickel: These types of nickel have a density of 8.85 g/cm³, translating to 8850 kg/m³.
52. Nickel Copper, Nickel Magnesium, Nickel Silicon Alloy: These nickel alloys also have a density of 8.85 g/cm³, or 8850 kg/m³.
53. Nickel Chromium Alloy: The density is 8.72 g/cm³, which is 8720 kg/m³.
54. Zinc Ingot (Zn0.1, Zn1, Zn2, Zn3): The density is 7.15 g/cm³, equivalent to 7150 kg/m³.
55. Cast Zinc: The density is 6.86 g/cm³, or 6860 kg/m³.
56. 4-1 Cast Zinc Aluminum Alloy: The density is 6.96 g/cm³, which is 6960 kg/m³.
57. 4-0.5 Cast Zinc Aluminum Alloy: The density is 6.75 g/cm³, equivalent to 6750 kg/m³.
58. Lead and Lead Antimony Alloy: The density is 11.37 g/cm³, or 11370 kg/m³.
59. Lead Anode Plate: The density of a lead anode plate is 11.33 g/cm³, or 11330 kg/m³.

Top 10 Metals With the Highest Density

The list below provides the ten metals with the highest density.

This table lists the metals in descending order of density, with Osmium being the densest at 22.59 g/cm³ and Mercury being the least dense among the top ten at 13.58 g/cm³.

FAQs about metal density

What is the density of steel and iron?

The density of steel is usually 7.8 g/cm3.

The density of gray cast iron is 6.6 ~ 7.4 g/cm3;

The density of white cast iron is 7.4 ~ 7.72 g/cm3;

The density of malleable cast iron is 7.2 ~ 7.43 g/cm3;

The density of cast steel is 7.8 g/cm3;

The density of industrial pure iron is 7.8759 g/cm3.

What is the density of brass?

What is the density of copper?

Copper is a transition metal and is represented by the chemical symbol “Cu”.

There are several classifications of copper, including pure copper, brass, and bronze. Pure copper, also known as “red copper”, is defined as copper with a copper content of 99.5-99.95%.

There are three subtypes of pure copper, which include oxygen-free copper, oxygen copper, and special copper.

Brass is an alloy made from copper and zinc. White copper, on the other hand, is an alloy of copper and nickel, which is characterized by its silver-white appearance and metallic luster.

Bronze is a term originally used to describe a copper-tin alloy, but it has since been extended to encompass all copper alloys other than brass and white copper.

The density of copper varies depending on the type of copper. The density of copper is defined as the ratio of its mass to its volume.

Formula for copper density:

• Formula for copper density: ρ= m/V， ρ= dm/dV( ρM represents mass, V represents volume)
• Deformation of copper density formula: v = m/ρ， m= ρV，m=∫ρ(V)dV。
• The mass m can be measured by a balance, and the volume V of liquid and irregularly shaped solid can be measured by a measuring cylinder or a measuring cup.
• The density of a substance is constant, and it does not change with volume and mass. The density of different grades of copper does not change with the volume.

The density of different copper is different, but it can be roughly divided into the following types:

• The density of pure copper, and oxygen-free copper is 8.9 (g/cm3), and the density of phosphorus-deoxidized copper is 8.89 (g/cm3).
• The density of processed brass is 8.5-8.8 (g/cm3) and the density of cast brass is 7.7-8.55 (g/cm3).
• The density of processed bronze is 7.5-8.9 (g/cm3) and the density of cast bronze is 7.45-9.54 (g/cm3).
• The density of white copper is 8.4-8.9 (g/cm3).

How to calculate the density of steel?

The steel density calculation formula is: ρ= m/V。

Density unit: the international unit is kg/m3, and the common unit in the experiment is g/cm3, 1g/cm3 = 103kg/m3.

The density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3;

The weight of iron can be determined using Archimedes’ principle.

To do this, first, suspend the iron block from a thin rope and measure its true weight, “G,” using a spring scale.

Next, fully immerse the iron block in water and measure its apparent weight, “G’,” by using the spring scale while it is in the water.

Finally, by calculating the weight of iron via the formula ρ=Gρwater/(G-G’), you will get the result that the density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3 or 0.28 lb/in3.

Don't forget, sharing is caring! : )
Author

Shane

Founder of MachineMFG

As the founder of MachineMFG, I have dedicated over a decade of my career to the metalworking industry. My extensive experience has allowed me to become an expert in the fields of sheet metal fabrication, machining, mechanical engineering, and machine tools for metals. I am constantly thinking, reading, and writing about these subjects, constantly striving to stay at the forefront of my field. Let my knowledge and expertise be an asset to your business.

Punching Force Calculator & Formula (Online & Free)

Have you ever wondered how to ensure a successful metal stamping project? In this blog post, we'll dive into the critical factors that can make or break your stamping process.…

Sheet Metal Gauge Thickness Chart (Steel, Aluminum, Brass)

Have you ever wondered what those numbers on sheet metal mean? In this article, we'll dive into the world of sheet metal gauge and demystify this essential aspect of metalworking.…

Electric vs Hydraulic Press Brake – Which One is Right for Your Business?

I. Introduction With the increasing development of technology, modern sheet metal processing, especially the bending process, requires higher and higher standards. There are different technical requirements for equipment and processing…

Laser Cutting Thickness and Speed Chart (500W-30kW)

Curious about the capabilities of laser cutting? In this comprehensive guide, we'll dive into the world of laser cutting speeds and thicknesses for various metals. Our expert mechanical engineer will…

Z Purlin Weight Calculator & Chart (Online & Free)

Have you ever wondered about the hidden world of Z-purlins? In this captivating article, our expert mechanical engineer will guide you through the intricacies of calculating Z-purlin weight. Discover how…

H Beam Sizes and Weight Chart

Have you ever wondered about the hidden world of H-beam steel? In this captivating article, we'll unravel the mysteries behind these essential construction components. Our expert mechanical engineer will guide…

Chequered Plate Weight Calculator (Online & Free)

Have you ever wondered about the weight of those patterned steel plates you see every day? In this blog post, we'll dive into the fascinating world of checkered steel plates.…

K Factor Calculator for Sheet Metal Bending (Online & FREE)

Are you struggling to design accurate sheet metal parts? Unlock the secrets of the K-factor, a crucial concept in sheet metal fabrication. In this article, our expert mechanical engineer demystifies…

I Beam Weight Chart, Sizes & Online Calculator

Have you ever wondered how to select the perfect I-beam for your construction or manufacturing project? In this blog post, our expert mechanical engineer will guide you through the process…

Copper vs. Aluminum Cables: A Comprehensive Comparison

I. Advantages of Copper Core Cables over Aluminum Core Cables: 1. Low resistivity: The resistivity of aluminum core cables is about 1.68 times higher than that of copper core cables.…

How to Choose the Right Safety Valve: A Step-by-Step Guide

Due to the diversity of safety valves and the diversity and complexity of pressure systems, when selecting a safety valve, the impact of factors such as temperature, pressure, and medium…

Safety Valve Usage Tips: Enhance Your System’s Security

The researcher conducted a project on a hotel’s hot water system, which provides full-time supply with steam (0.3Mpa) as the heat source, water supply temperature of 60-55 degrees, using a…
Take your business to the next level
Subscribe to our newsletter
The latest news, articles, and resources, sent to your inbox weekly.