Looking for a comprehensive guide to the density of metals, iron, steel, brass, aluminum, and alloys? Look no further than this density table compiled by MachineMFG.
Density is a fundamental physical quantity that describes the compactness of a substance, and it plays a crucial role in various natural sciences, including chemistry and materials science.
This table presents the densities of several common metals and alloys, including iron, carbon steel, steel wire, alloy steel, bearing steel, stainless steel, copper, brass, bronze, aluminum, magnesium, nickel, zinc, and lead.
It also includes unit conversions for easy reference.
Whether you’re a student, researcher, or industry professional, this density table is an invaluable resource for understanding the physical properties of these materials.
So, if you’re looking to deepen your knowledge of density and its applications, take a look at this comprehensive guide and discover the compactness of the substances around us.
What is a density table?
A density table is a table that presents the density of a substance.
Density, represented by the symbol ρ, is a physical quantity that represents the mass of a substance per unit volume.
The concept of density is widely used in various natural sciences, including chemistry and materials science, to describe the compactness of a substance.
Features of density
Density is a property of a substance that can be impacted by external factors. The primary physical quantities that influence the density of a substance are pressure and temperature.
Gas density is particularly susceptible to changes in pressure and temperature. The standard density of a gas is typically measured under normal temperature and pressure conditions.
However, density under other conditions can be calculated using equations of state for the gas, such as the ideal gas equation or the van der Waals equation.
The density of a liquid mainly depends on its composition and is less affected by temperature, although it can sometimes not be ignored. High pressures can also have a significant impact on liquid density.
The density of solids can also vary with temperature and pressure, although this change is generally less pronounced than in liquids.
Density table of metals and alloys
The table below provides the densities of several common metals and alloys, including iron, carbon steel, steel wire, alloy steel, bearing steel, stainless steel, copper, brass, bronze, aluminum, magnesium, nickel, zinc, and lead.
We hope this information is helpful to you.
Density Chart for Various Types of Metal and Alloy
- 1 cm3 = 1000 kg/m3
- 1 cm3 = 0.036 lb/in3
- 1 cm3 = 62.428 lb/ft3
|Grey cast iron||6.6~7.4||6600-7400||0.2384-0.2673||412.03-461.97|
|White cast iron||7.4~7.7||7400-7700||0.2673-0.2781||461.97-480.70|
|Industrial pure iron||7.87||7870||0.2843||491.31|
|Plain carbon steel||7.85||7850||0.2836||490.06|
|High quality carbon steel||7.85||7850||0.2836||490.06|
|Carbon tool steel||7.85||7850||0.2836||490.06|
|Free cutting steel||7.85||7850||0.2836||490.06|
|15CrA chromium steel||7.74||7740||0.2796||483.19|
|38CrA chromium steel||7.80||7800||0.2818||486.94|
|Chromium nickel tungsten steel||7.80||7800||0.2818||486.94|
|Chromium molybdenum aluminum steel||7.65||7650||0.2764||477.57|
|High speed tool steel containing tungsten 9||8.30||8300||0.2999||518.15|
|High speed tool steel containing tungsten 18||8.70||8700||0.3143||543.12|
|High strength alloy steel||7.82||7820||0.2825||488.19|
|3-1 Silicon bronze||8.47||8470||0.3060||528.77|
|1-3 Silicon bronze||8.60||8600||0.3107||536.88|
|1 Beryllium bronze||8.80||8800||0.3179||549.37|
|0.5 cadmium bronze||8.90||8900||0.3215||555.61|
|0.5 chrome bronze||8.90||8900||0.3215||555.61|
|1.5 Manganese bronze||8.80||8800||0.3179||549.37|
|5 Manganese bronze||8.60||8600||0.3107||536.88|
|59, 62, 65, 68 |
|80, 85, 90 |
|59-1, 63-3 |
|60-1 and 62-1 |
Cast tin bronze
Cast tin bronze
Cast tin bronze
|5 Aluminum bronze||8.20||8200||0.2962||511.91|
|Industrial pure magnesium||1.74||1740||0.0629||108.62|
|Industrial pure titanium|
(TA1, TA2, TA3)
Electric vacuum nickel
Nickel silicon alloy
|Nickel chromium alloy||8.72||8720||0.3150||544.37|
|Zinc ingot |
(Zn0.1, Zn1, Zn2, Zn3)
Cast zinc aluminum alloy
|Lead and lead-antimony alloys||6.75||6750||0.2439||421.39|
|Lead anode plate||11.33||11330||0.4093||707.31|
FAQs about metal density
What is the density of steel and iron?
The density of steel is usually 7.8 g/cm3.
The density of gray cast iron is 6.6 ~ 7.4 g/cm3;
The density of white cast iron is 7.4 ~ 7.72 g/cm3;
The density of malleable cast iron is 7.2 ~ 7.43 g/cm3;
The density of cast steel is 7.8 g/cm3;
The density of industrial pure iron is 7.8759 g/cm3.
What is the density of brass?
What is the density of copper?
Copper is a transition metal and is represented by the chemical symbol “Cu”.
There are several classifications of copper, including pure copper, brass, and bronze. Pure copper, also known as “red copper”, is defined as copper with a copper content of 99.5-99.95%.
There are three subtypes of pure copper, which include oxygen-free copper, oxygen copper, and special copper.
Brass is an alloy made from copper and zinc. White copper, on the other hand, is an alloy of copper and nickel, which is characterized by its silver-white appearance and metallic luster.
Bronze is a term originally used to describe a copper-tin alloy, but it has since been extended to encompass all copper alloys other than brass and white copper.
The density of copper varies depending on the type of copper. The density of copper is defined as the ratio of its mass to its volume.
Formula for copper density:
- Formula for copper density: ρ= m/V， ρ= dm/dV( ρM represents mass, V represents volume)
- Deformation of copper density formula: v = m/ρ， m= ρV，m=∫ρ(V)dV。
- The mass m can be measured by a balance, and the volume V of liquid and irregularly shaped solid can be measured by a measuring cylinder or a measuring cup.
- The density of a substance is constant, and it does not change with volume and mass. The density of different grades of copper does not change with the volume.
The density of different copper is different, but it can be roughly divided into the following types:
- The density of pure copper, and oxygen-free copper is 8.9 (g/cm3), and the density of phosphorus-deoxidized copper is 8.89 (g/cm3).
- The density of processed brass is 8.5-8.8 (g/cm3) and the density of cast brass is 7.7-8.55 (g/cm3).
- The density of processed bronze is 7.5-8.9 (g/cm3) and the density of cast bronze is 7.45-9.54 (g/cm3).
- The density of white copper is 8.4-8.9 (g/cm3).
How to calculate the density of steel?
The steel density calculation formula is: ρ= m/V。
Density unit: the international unit is kg/m3, and the common unit in the experiment is g/cm3, 1g/cm3 = 103kg/m3.
The density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3;
The weight of iron can be determined using Archimedes’ principle.
To do this, first, suspend the iron block from a thin rope and measure its true weight, “G,” using a spring scale.
Next, fully immerse the iron block in water and measure its apparent weight, “G’,” by using the spring scale while it is in the water.
Finally, by calculating the weight of iron via the formula ρ=Gρwater/(G-G’), you will get the result that the density of steel is 7.8 g/cm3 or 0.28 lb/in3.
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