# Calculate Steel Weight for 30 Metals: The Ultimate Formula Guide

Are you tired of guessing the weight of various metals and steels? Look no further!

Our Steel Weight Calculation Formula is the ultimate guide for calculating the weight of different metals in various shapes. From steel plates to pipes, rods, and even aluminum, our calculator takes the guesswork out of determining the weight of your materials.

Our formula is easy to use and provides accurate results every time. In addition, we have included a Density Table of Metals and Alloys to help you choose the right material for your project.

Whether you are a professional metalworker or a DIY enthusiast, our Steel Weight Calculation Formula is an essential tool for your toolbox.

Say goodbye to the frustration of inaccurate weight estimates and hello to precise calculations with our comprehensive guide.

## I. Steel Weight

1. Theoretical Weight of Steel

The theoretical weight of steel refers to the weight calculated based on the nominal dimensions and density (previously known as specific gravity) of the steel. It is directly related to the length, cross-sectional area, and permissible dimensional deviations of the steel.

Due to the allowable deviations during the steel manufacturing process, there is a certain discrepancy between the theoretical weight calculated by formula and the actual weight, hence it is used only as a reference during estimation.

2. Actual Weight of Steel

The actual weight of steel refers to the weight obtained through actual weighing (weighing), known as the actual weight. The actual weight is more accurate than the theoretical weight.

3. Calculation Method for Steel Weight

a. Gross Weight: The symmetrical term for “net weight”, it is the total weight of the steel itself and the packaging material. Transportation companies calculate freight charges based on gross weight. However, in steel trading, calculations are made based on net weight.

b. Net Weight: The symmetrical term for “gross weight”. It is the weight obtained by subtracting the packaging material weight from the gross weight of the steel, referred to as the net weight. In steel trading, calculations are generally based on net weight.

c. Tare Weight: The weight of the steel packaging material, known as tare weight.

d. Weight Ton: A unit of weight used when calculating freight charges based on the gross weight of steel. Its legal measurement unit is ton (1000kg), and there are also long tons (British weight unit 1016.16kg) and short tons (American weight unit 907.18kg).

e. Chargeable Weight: Also known as “chargeable ton” or “freight ton”. This is the weight of the steel for which the transportation department charges freight. Different modes of transportation have different calculation standards and methods.

For example, in full railway transportation, the marked load of the used freight car is generally used as the chargeable weight. Road transportation charges freight based on the load tonnage of the vehicle. For railway and road less-than-truckload (LTL), the minimum chargeable weight is a certain number of kilograms of gross weight, which is rounded up if insufficient.

## II. Steel Weight Calculation Fundamentals

As someone who needs to calculate the weight of steel, I know that it’s crucial to understand the fundamentals of the calculations. In this section, I will explain the density of steel and standard steel shapes that are commonly used in constructions and other applications.

### Density of Steel

To begin with, I need to consider the density of steel. Density is defined as the mass of an object divided by its volume. It plays a significant role in determining the weight of steel. The formula for density is:

See also  Assessing the Impact of Notch on Tensile Fracture Behavior of Metals

Density = mass/volume

For steel, the density is around 7,850 kg/m³ or 0.283 lb/in³. It’s important for me to remember that this value may vary slightly depending on the specific type of steel being used. The density of steel allows me to calculate the weight of a steel object, given its volume.

### Standard Steel Shapes

There is a wide variety of standard steel shapes available for construction and manufacturing purposes. Some of the most common shapes include:

• Beams (I-beams, H-beams, channels)
• Angles
• Tubes and pipes
• Rebars
• Plates and sheets

These shapes have unique standard dimensions, and their weight per unit length can be calculated using the following formula:

Weight = Density x Volume

Where the density of steel is approximately 7850 kg/m³.

By following these steps and understanding standard steel shapes, you can easily determine the weight of various steel components for accurate project planning and structure stability assessment.

Calculating the weight of steel is an essential step in your projects, as it helps you determine your materials’ requirements, the structural support needed, and the overall cost of your project. By understanding the fundamentals of steel weight calculations, you can confidently make informed decisions and ensure the success of your work.

## III. How to Calculate Steel & Metal Weight?

### Density-Based Formula

The following weight calculation formula can be used to calculate the steel/metal weight:

Weight (kg) = Sectional Area (mm2) × Length (m) × Density (ρ, g/cm3)× 1/1000

Above is the formula to calculate the steel weight in kg.

### Determination of Density

For the metal density, you can also refer to the following:

## IV. Steel & Metal Weight Calculator

To assist you in calculating the weight of various metals and steels, including MS plate, GI sheet, structural steel, MS angle, mild steel, steel bar, square tube, angle, and aluminum, we have created a Steel Weight Calculator and Metal Weight Calculator to help you determine the weight of metals in different shapes.

## V. Calculation of Theoretical Steel Weight

The unit of measurement for calculating the theoretical weight of steel is kilograms (kg). The basic formula is:

W (Weight, kg) = F (Cross-sectional Area, mm²) × L (Length, m) × ρ (Density, g/cm³) × 1/1000

The density of steel is: 7.85g/cm³

### Steel Plate weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(m)×thickness(mm)×7.85
• E.g: 6m (length)×1.51m(width)×9.75mm (thickness)
• Calculation: 6×1.51×9.75×7.85=693.43kg

### Steel Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: (OD-wall thickness)×wall thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.02466
• E.g: 114mm(OD)×4mm(wall thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: (114-4)×4×6×0.02466=65.102kg

### Steel Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.00617
• E.g: Φ20mm (dia.)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 20×20×6×0.00617=14.808kg

### Square Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: side width(mm)×side width(mm)×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm(side width)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 50×50×6×0.00785=117.75(kg)

### Flat Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: side width(mm)×thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm(side width)×5.0mm(thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 50×5×6×0.00785=11.775(kg)

### Hexagonal Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: side-to-side dia.×side-to-side dia.× length(m)×0.0068
• E.g: 50mm(dia.)×6m (length)
• Calculation: 50×50×6×0.0068=102(kg)

### Rebar weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.mm×dia.mm×length(m)×0.00617
• E.g: Φ20mm(dia.)×12m(length)
• Calculation: 20×20×12×0.00617=29.616kg

### Flat Steel Tube weight calculation formula

• Formula: (side length+side width)×2×thickness×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 100mm×50mm×5mm(thickness)×6m (length)
• Calculation: (100+50)×2×5×6×0.00785=70.65kg

### Rectangular Steel Tube weight calculation formula

• Formula: side width(mm)×4×thickness×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm×5mm (thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 50×4×5×6×0.00785=47.1kg

### Equal-leg Angle Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: (side width×2-thickness)×thickness×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm×50mm×5(thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: (50×2-5)×5×6×0.00785=22.37kg

### Unequal-leg Angle Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: (side width+side width-thickness)×thickness×length(m)×0.0076
• E.g: 100mm×80mm×8(thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: (100+80-8)×8×6×0.0076=62.746kg

### Brass Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: (OD-wall thickness)×thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.0267

### Copper Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: (OD-wall thickness)×thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.02796

### Aluminum Checkered Sheet weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness (mm)×0.00296

### Brass Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: thickness(mm)×(O.D-thickness)×length(m)×0.0267

### Copper Sheet weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.0089

### Zinc Plate weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.0072

### Lead Sheet weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.01137

### Octagonal Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×across width(mm)×across width(mm)×0.0065

### Copper Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.00698

### Brass Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.00668

### Aluminum Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.0022

### Square Copper Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.0089

### Square Brass Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.0085

### Square Aluminum Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.0028

### Hexagonal Copper Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: across width(mm)×across width(mm)×length(m)×0.0077

### Hexagonal Brass Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×across width(mm)×length(m)×0.00736

### Hexagonal Aluminum Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: across width(mm)×across width(mm)×length(m)×0.00242

### Aluminum Plate weight calculation formula

• Formula: thickness(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.00171

### Aluminum Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: thickness(mm)×(O.D(mm)-thickness(mm))×length(m)×0.00879

## VI. Factors Affecting Steel Weight

The weight of steel can be influenced by several factors, such as its composition and manufacturing process. Understanding these factors helps in estimating steel weight accurately, which is crucial in construction and engineering projects.

One of the primary factors affecting the weight of steel is its alloying elements. Steel is mainly made of iron and carbon, but other elements like aluminum, copper, nickel, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, and silicon may also be added to achieve specific properties. These additional elements affect the overall weight of the steel. For instance, adding aluminum can reduce the weight of steel, while adding copper or nickel can increase it.

The manufacturing process is another factor that impacts the weight of steel. There are various methods used to produce steel, including hot rolling, cold rolling, and forging. Hot-rolled steel generally has a higher weight due to the greater density achieved in the process, whereas cold-rolled steel has a lower weight as it undergoes additional processing to improve its surface finish and dimensional accuracy.

Heat treatment is another factor that can alter the weight of steel. Different heat treatments like annealing, normalizing, hardening, and tempering can change the structure, dimensions, and mass of steel. For example, normalizing can cause a slight increase in weight due to the increased volume of the metal, whereas tempering may reduce the weight.

Finally, the shape and size of the steel product also play a significant role in determining its weight. There is a wide range of steel products available in various shapes and sizes, such as bars, beams, plates, and sheets. Each product has a different weight based on its dimensions and thickness. For example, a steel plate with a larger surface area and thicker dimensions will weigh more than a thin steel sheet with the same surface area.

In conclusion, a variety of factors, including alloying elements, manufacturing process, heat treatment, and the shape and size of the steel product, affect its weight. Considering these factors is essential to accurately estimate the weight of steel for various applications in construction and engineering projects.

## VII. Applications and Importance of Steel Weight Calculation

When working on construction projects, I often encounter the need to determine the weight of steel structures and steel elements. By using a steel weight calculation formula, I can quickly and accurately calculate the weight of various shapes, such as bars, beams, plates, and angles. This is particularly helpful in material estimation and load analysis, essential aspects of structural design.

In my experience, calculating steel weight is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, it helps me in cost estimation, allowing me to prepare accurate quotes for clients while minimizing the chances of cost overruns. By knowing the weight of steel, I can determine the amount of material needed, and hence its cost. This ensures that I can account for the budget more accurately.

Another application of steel weight calculation that I often use is in evaluating the load capacity of a structure. Knowing the weight of steel components allows me to assess the load handling capacity of supporting elements, such as columns and foundations. It helps me in doing load calculations and ensures that the structure complies with design standards.

Moreover, I also need to calculate the weight of steel elements during transportation. Understanding the material’s weight is essential to deciding the appropriate transportation equipment and method. By determining steel weight, I can plan and execute logistics operations efficiently, preventing delays and potential damages to the steel components.

Finally, the steel weight calculation formula is advantageous to me as a matter of sustainability. In today’s construction industry, where environmental considerations are becoming more critical, knowing the weight of steel used contributes to assessing the environmental impact. By minimizing the material usage, I can reduce embodied energy and carbon emissions associated with steel manufacturing, leading to a more sustainable construction practice.

In conclusion, the steel weight calculation formula plays an essential role in my professional work by enabling accurate cost estimation, load analysis, logistics planning, and environmental impact assessment. By using this formula, I’m able to ensure that my construction projects are efficient, safe, and sustainable.

## VIII. Tips and Tricks for Accurate Calculations

When I calculate the weight of steel, I always start by determining its volume. This is done by multiplying the length, width, and height of the steel piece. To avoid measurement errors, I suggest using a tape measure and ensuring the measurements are as accurate as possible.

Once I have the volume of the steel, I then multiply it by the density of the material. Steel’s density is typically around 7,850 kg/m³. It’s important to remember that different types and grades of steel may have slightly different densities. I recommend referring to a reliable source to find the correct density for the steel you are using.

To make my calculations more efficient, I often use the following formula:

Weight = Volume x Density

A key element in avoiding calculation errors is using consistent units. Personally, I always use the metric system (e.g., meters, kilograms) to perform the calculations because it’s widely adopted in many industries.

When calculating the weight of steel bars or rods, I utilize the following formula:

Weight = Diameter² x Length x 0.00616

Diameter and length must be in meters or converted to meters for accurate results.

In my experience, utilizing these tips and tricks has led to more accurate steel weight calculations:

• Always double-check the measurements
• Use the correct formula(Weight = Volume x Density)
• Employ consistent units (meters, kilograms)
• Reference accurate density values for specific steel grades

By following these guidelines, I’ve been able to perform precise steel weight calculations, assisting me in achieving my desired outcomes.

### 436 thoughts on “Calculate Steel Weight for 30 Metals: The Ultimate Formula Guide”

1. kirit

please send it in pdf formate

1. Mehedi

Sir, if you could give me the PDF, I would be very much benefited.
My email:[email protected]

1. Shane

2. kamal

We found it is very useful,
so is it possible to get excel copy please??

3. Olalekan Ogboye

Thanks for this information.. please I will be glad if I can get it in PDF format to [email protected]

4. SOMASHEKAR

Sir, if you could give me the Theoretical Metal Weight Calculation Formula (30 Types of Metals) in PDF of EXCEL it will be of much use for estimation.

Scroll to Top