# Calculate Steel Weight for 30 Metals: Formula & Calculator

## I. Weight Calculation Formula

### (1) Density-Based Formula

The following weight calculation formula can be used to calculate the steel/metal weight:

Weight (kg) = Sectional Area (mm2) × Length (m) × Density (ρ, g/cm3)× 1/1000

Above is the formula to calculate the steel weight in kg.

### Determination of Density

For the metal density, you can also refer to the following:

## II. Steel & Metal Weight Calculator

To assist you in calculating the weight of various metals and steels, including MS plate, GI sheet, structural steel, MS angle, mild steel, steel bar, square tube, angle, and aluminum, we have created a Steel Weight Calculator and Metal Weight Calculator to help you determine the weight of metals in different shapes.

## III. Metal & Steel Weight Calculation Formula

The unit of measurement for calculating the theoretical weight of steel is kilograms (kg). The basic formula is:

W (Weight, kg) = F (Cross-sectional Area, mm²) × L (Length, m) × ρ (Density, g/cm³) × 1/1000

The density of steel is: 7.85g/cm³

### Simple Steel Weight Calculation Formulas

Simply enter data indicated (Decimal Inches), move from left to right making computations by factors as shown.

• ROUND Diameter x Diameter x 2.6729 = Lbs. Per Foot
• FLAT Thickness x Width x 3.4032 = Lbs. Per Foot
• SQUARE Diameter x Diameter x 3.4032 = Lbs. Per Foot
• HEXAGON *Diameter x Diameter x 2.9437 = Lbs. Per Foot
• OCTAGON *Diameter x Diameter x 2.8193 = Lbs. Per Foot
• PIPE Actual O.D. – Wall x Wall x 10.68 = Lbs. Per Foot
• TUBE O.D. – Wall  x Wall  x 10.68 = Lbs. Per Foot
• SHEET Thickness  x Width  x  Length  x  .2904 = Lbs. Each
• COIL O.D. x O.D.  – I.D.  x I.D. x .2223 = Lbs. Per Inch of Width
• SHEET CIRCLE Diameter x  Diameter x  Thickness x  .228 = Lbs. Each
• PLATE Thickness  x  Width  x  Length x  .2836 = Lbs. Each

PLATE SHAPES:

• CIRCLE Diameter x  Diameter x  Thickness  x  .2227 = Lbs. Each
• RING Diameter x Diameter – I.D. x I.D. x Thickness x .2227 = Lbs. Each
• CIRCLE SECTOR    Radius x Radius x Number of Degrees in Arc x Thickness  x  .0025 = Lbs. Each
• TRIANGLE (Right Angle) Base Length  x  Height  x Thickness  x  .1418 = Lbs. Each
• TRAPEZOIDS (2 Sides Parallel) Side “A”  + Side “B”  x Height x Thickness  x 14.18 = Lbs.Each
• HEXAGON (Equal Sides) Side Length  x  Side Length x  .7367 = Lbs. Each
• OCTAGON Side Length  x  Side Length  x  1.3692 = Lbs. Each

NOTE: Formulas Are Based on Nominal Weights at .2836 Lbs. Per Cubic Inch and Should Be Considered Approximations Only Rather Than Actual Scale Weight

Weights of Various Metals in Pounds Per *Cubic Foot

1. Steel Plate weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(m)×thickness(mm)×7.85
• E.g: 6m (length)×1.51m(width)×9.75mm (thickness)
• Calculation: 6×1.51×9.75×7.85=693.43kg

2. Steel Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: (OD-wall thickness)×wall thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.02466
• E.g: 114mm(OD)×4mm(wall thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: (114-4)×4×6×0.02466=65.102kg

3. Steel Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.00617
• E.g: Φ20mm (dia.)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 20×20×6×0.00617=14.808kg

4. Square Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: side width(mm)×side width(mm)×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm(side width)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 50×50×6×0.00785=117.75(kg)

5. Flat Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: side width(mm)×thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm(side width)×5.0mm(thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 50×5×6×0.00785=11.775(kg)

6. Hexagonal Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: side-to-side dia.×side-to-side dia.× length(m)×0.0068
• E.g: 50mm(dia.)×6m (length)
• Calculation: 50×50×6×0.0068=102(kg)

7. Rebar weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.mm×dia.mm×length(m)×0.00617
• E.g: Φ20mm(dia.)×12m(length)
• Calculation: 20×20×12×0.00617=29.616kg

8. Flat Steel Tube weight calculation formula

• Formula: (side length+side width)×2×thickness×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 100mm×50mm×5mm(thickness)×6m (length)
• Calculation: (100+50)×2×5×6×0.00785=70.65kg

9. Rectangular Steel Tube weight calculation formula

• Formula: side width(mm)×4×thickness×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm×5mm (thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: 50×4×5×6×0.00785=47.1kg

10. Equal-leg Angle Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: (side width×2-thickness)×thickness×length(m)×0.00785
• E.g: 50mm×50mm×5(thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: (50×2-5)×5×6×0.00785=22.37kg

11. Unequal-leg Angle Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: (side width+side width-thickness)×thickness×length(m)×0.0076
• E.g: 100mm×80mm×8(thickness)×6m(length)
• Calculation: (100+80-8)×8×6×0.0076=62.746kg

12. Brass Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: (OD-wall thickness)×thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.0267

13. Copper Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: (OD-wall thickness)×thickness(mm)×length(m)×0.02796

14. Aluminum Checkered Sheet weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness (mm)×0.00296

15. Brass Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.0085

16. Copper Sheet weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.0089

17. Zinc Plate weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.0072

18. Lead Sheet weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×width(mm)×thickness(mm)×0.01137

19. Octagonal Steel weight calculation formula

• Formula: length(m)×across width(mm)×across width(mm)×0.0065

20. Copper Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.00698

21. Brass Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.00668

22. Aluminum Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: dia.(mm)×dia.(mm)×length(m)×0.0022

23. Square Copper Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.0089

24. Square Brass Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.0085

25. Square Aluminum Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.0028

26. Hexagonal Copper Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: across width(mm)×across width(mm)×length(m)×0.0077

27. Hexagonal Brass Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: width(mm)×across width(mm)×length(m)×0.00736

28. Hexagonal Aluminum Rod weight calculation formula

• Formula: across width(mm)×across width(mm)×length(m)×0.00242

29. Aluminum Plate weight calculation formula

• Formula: thickness(mm)×width(mm)×length(m)×0.00171

30. Aluminum Pipe weight calculation formula

• Formula: thickness(mm)×(O.D(mm)-thickness(mm))×length(m)×0.00879

• Steel weight calculation formula PDF

## Common sources of error in the calculation of metal material weight

Common sources of error in the weight calculation of metal materials include the following points:

Accuracy of Density: The density of metal materials is one of the key factors affecting the calculation of their theoretical weight. If the density value is inaccurate, it will lead to a large error in the calculated weight.

Dimensional Deviation: There may be a deviation between the actual size and theoretical size of metal materials, which can affect the weight calculation. For instance, seamless steel pipes are allowed a certain range of deviation in their external diameter and wall thickness, while the maximum permissible error for the actual weight of standard I-beams is between +3% and -5%.

Influence of Thermal Expansion Coefficient: Materials expand when heated, and different materials have different thermal expansion coefficients. This can result in errors when measuring or calculating weight in high-temperature environments.

Difference between Theoretical and Actual Weight: Even under ideal conditions, there is a certain range of error in the theoretical weight calculation method. For example, the error between the theoretical weight mentioned by the calculator and the actual weight is approximately 0.2%-0.7%.

Don't forget, sharing is caring! : )
Author

#### Shane

##### Founder of MachineMFG

As the founder of MachineMFG, I have dedicated over a decade of my career to the metalworking industry. My extensive experience has allowed me to become an expert in the fields of sheet metal fabrication, machining, mechanical engineering, and machine tools for metals. I am constantly thinking, reading, and writing about these subjects, constantly striving to stay at the forefront of my field. Let my knowledge and expertise be an asset to your business.

#### Mastering CAD/CAM: Essential Technologies Explained

Basic Concepts of Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) is a comprehensive and technically complex system engineering discipline that incorporates diverse fields such as computer [...]

#### Virtual Manufacturing Explained: Concepts & Principles

Concept of Virtual Manufacturing Virtual Manufacturing (VM) is the fundamental realization of the actual manufacturing process on a computer. It utilizes computer simulation and virtual reality technologies, supported by high-performance [...]

#### Understanding Flexible Manufacturing Systems: A Guide

A Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) typically employs principles of systems engineering and group technology. It connects Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine tools (processing centers), coordinate measuring machines, material transport systems, [...]

#### Exploring 4 Cutting-Edge Nanofabrication Techniques

Just as manufacturing technology plays a crucial role in various fields today, nanofabrication technology holds a key position in the realms of nanotechnology. Nanofabrication technology encompasses numerous methods including mechanical [...]

#### Ultra-Precision Machining: Types and Techniques

Ultra-precision machining refers to precision manufacturing processes that achieve extremely high levels of accuracy and surface quality. Its definition is relative, changing with technological advancements. Currently, this technique can achieve [...]

#### Choosing the Right CNC Fixture: Types and Tips

Currently, machining can be categorized into two groups based on production batch: Among these two categories, the first one accounts for about 70-80% of the total output value of machining [...]

#### Top 4 Specialty Processing Methods in Modern Engineering

This article mainly introduces several mature special processing methods. I. Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) EDM is a method of machining conductive materials by utilizing the phenomenon of electrical corrosion during [...]

#### What Is CNC Machining? Types, Pros, Cons and Machining Steps

What is CNC machining? Numerical Control (NC) refers to the method of controlling the movement and processing operations of machine tools using digitized information. Numerical Control Machine Tools, often abbreviated [...]

#### Exploring High-Speed Cutting: Tech Overview & Application

Cutting machining remains the most prominent method of mechanical processing, holding a significant role in mechanical manufacturing. With the advancement of manufacturing technology, cutting machining technology underwent substantial progress towards [...]

#### Minimize Welding Stress: Causes and Elimination

1. What is welding stress Welding stress refers to the stress generated during the welding process in welded components. This stress is caused by the thermal process of welding and [...]

#### Top 7 New Engineering Materials: What You Need to Know

Advanced materials refer to those recently researched or under development that possess exceptional performance and special functionalities. These materials are of paramount significance to the advancement of science and technology, [...]

#### Metal Expansion Methods: A Comprehensive Guide

Bulge forming is suitable for various types of blanks, such as deep-drawn cups, cut tubes, and rolled conical weldments. Classification by bulge forming medium Bulge forming methods can be categorized [...]