Aluminum Alloys Comparison: 2A12 vs. LY12 vs. 2024

LY12 Aluminum Alloy LY12, now usually called 2A12, is equivalent to 2024. It is mainly composed of Al-Cu-Mg system with the following chemical composition: Note: (1) The properties of the elements in the combination are expressed as the highest percentage, unless a range or minimum value is listed. (2) In order to establish appropriate numerical […]

Table Of Contents

LY12 Aluminum Alloy

LY12, now usually called 2A12, is equivalent to 2024. It is mainly composed of Al-Cu-Mg system with the following chemical composition:

  • Silicon: 0.5%
  • Iron: 0.5%
  • Copper: 3.8-4.9%
  • Manganese: 0.0-0.9%
  • Magnesium: 1.2-1.8%
  • Chromium: 0.10%
  • Nickel: N/A
  • Zinc: 0.25%
  • Titanium: 0.15% (5)
  • Other elements: 0.15%
  • Aluminum: The rest

Note:

(1) The properties of the elements in the combination are expressed as the highest percentage, unless a range or minimum value is listed.

(2) In order to establish appropriate numerical limits, observation or calculated values obtained from analysis are based on standard rules (ANSI Z25.1) to represent a clear range.

(3) Unless it is a non-alloy, the amount of elements specified in the alloy is usually indicated in the analysis report. However, if there is suspicion of the presence of other elements or the overabundance of some elements during the analysis process, further analysis should be carried out until confirmed.

(4) The aluminum content in non-alloy aluminum that has not been refined is equal to the total amount of other metals and the difference with 100% pure aluminum – the difference is about 0.01% or slightly more (the second decimal place after the percentage).

(5) It can contain up to 0.20% zirconium and titanium.

The common plate standard is AMS-QQ-A-250/4 (non-clad) and AMS-QQ-A-250/5 (clad), mainly used for aircraft structures, rivets, missile components, truck wheel hubs, propeller components, and other structural parts.

Sample size: bar diameter (square bar, hexagonal bar inscribed circle diameter) ≤ 22.

2024 Aluminum Alloy

Standard: JIS H4000-1999

Chemical composition:

  • Silicon (Si): 0.50%
  • Iron (Fe): 0.50%
  • Copper (Cu): 3.8-4.9%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.30-1.0%
  • Magnesium (Mg): 1.2-1.8%
  • Chromium (Cr): 0.10%
  • Zinc (Zn): 0.25%
  • Aluminum (Al): The rest

Mechanical properties:

Tensile strength (σb) ≥ 390 MPa

Yield strength (σ0.2) ≥ 245 MPa

Sample size: all wall thicknesses

Note: Pipe material, at room temperature, longitudinal.

Main characteristics and application scope:

This is a high-strength hard aluminum that can be strengthened by heat treatment. Its plasticity is moderate in quenched and tempered states. It has good resistance spot welding, but there is a tendency to form intergranular cracks when gas welding.

After quenching and cold working hardening, the alloy still has good machinability, while its machinability is poor after annealing. Its corrosion resistance is not high, so it is often treated with anodizing and painting or surface-coated with aluminum to improve its corrosion resistance.

It is mainly used to make various high-load parts and components (excluding stampings and forgings), such as skeleton parts, skin, partitions, ribs, spars, rivets, and other parts working below 150°C on aircraft.

2A12 Aluminum Alloy

Standard: GB/T 3191-1998

Chemical composition:

  • Aluminum (Al): The rest
  • Silicon (Si): ≤ 0.50%
  • Copper (Cu): 3.8-4.9%
  • Magnesium (Mg): 1.2-1.8%
  • Zinc (Zn): ≤ 0.30%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.30-0.9%
  • Titanium (Ti): ≤ 0.15%
  • Nickel (Ni): ≤ 0.10%
  • Iron (Fe): 0.000-0.500%
  • Iron + nickel (Fe+Ni): 0.000-0.500%

Note: Individual element: ≤ 0.05%; Total: ≤ 0.10%

Characteristics and application range:

2A12 aluminum alloy is a high-strength hard aluminum that can be strengthened by heat treatment.

It has moderate plasticity in annealed, quenched and tempered, and hot states. It has good resistance spot welding, but there is a tendency to form intergranular cracks when gas welding or argon arc welding.

After quenching and cold working hardening, the alloy still has good machinability, while its machinability is poor in the annealed state. Its corrosion resistance is not high, so it is often treated with anodizing and painting or surface-coated with aluminum to improve its corrosion resistance.

It is mainly used to make various high-load parts and components (excluding stampings and forgings), such as skeleton parts, skin, partitions, ribs, spars, rivets, and other parts working below 150°C on aircraft.

Mechanical properties of 2A12 aluminum alloy:

  • Tensile strength (σb): ≥410 MPa
  • Yield strength (σ0.2): ≥265 MPa
  • Elongation (δ5): ≥12%

Note: The longitudinal mechanical properties of the bar at room temperature.

Don't forget, sharing is caring! : )
Shane
Author

Shane

Founder of MachineMFG

As the founder of MachineMFG, I have dedicated over a decade of my career to the metalworking industry. My extensive experience has allowed me to become an expert in the fields of sheet metal fabrication, machining, mechanical engineering, and machine tools for metals. I am constantly thinking, reading, and writing about these subjects, constantly striving to stay at the forefront of my field. Let my knowledge and expertise be an asset to your business.

Up Next

H Beam Sizes and Weight Chart

Have you ever wondered about the hidden world of H-beam steel? In this captivating article, we'll unravel the mysteries behind these essential construction components. Our expert mechanical engineer will guide…
MachineMFG
Take your business to the next level
Subscribe to our newsletter
The latest news, articles, and resources, sent to your inbox weekly.
© 2024. All rights reserved.

Contact Us

You will get our reply within 24 hours.