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How to Use a Manual Folding Machine: Step-by-Step Guide


Overall View of Manual Folding Machine

Manual folding machine

Usage and Performance

This series of manual folding machines are widely used in various industries for bending and folding steel plates, nonferrous metals, and stainless steel plates with a length of up to 2.5 meters and thickness of up to 2mm. They are particularly popular in the production of household appliances, stainless steel kitchen utensils, lighting fixtures, hardware furniture, ventilation systems, and air-conditioning equipment.

The machines feature full manual operation with a positioning device, making them ideal for mass-producing irregular workpieces with a fixed angle.

The folding process is achieved by using the upper and lower blades, ensuring that there is no relative movement or impact during the entire process. This results in a smooth and bright surface on the workpiece, making it particularly suitable for manufacturing stainless steel workpieces.

Locking is achieved through the use of bevel gears, screw rotation, or cams, providing smooth and reliable operation. The machines have a simple structure, making maintenance and adjustment easy.

Main Specification and Technical Parameters

Portable-type ( bevel gear locking)
Model Max. Plate Thickness Max. Bending Width Max. Bending Angle Weight Max. Workpiece Dimension Toolings
WS1.5×1300 1.5 1300 60° 320 1950×650×1500 Segmented Blade
WS1.5×1500 1.5 1500 60° 360 2150×650×1500 Segmented Blade
WS1.5×2000 1.5 2000 60° 450 2650×650×1500 Segmented Blade
WS1.2×2500 1.2 2500 60° 550 3150×650×1500 Segmented Blade
TDF1.5×1300 1.5 1300 60° 320 1950×650×1500 Segmented Blade
TDF1.5×1500 1.5 1500 60° 360 2150×650×1500 Segmented Blade
TDF1.5×2000 1.5 2000 60° 450 2650×650×1500 Segmented Blade
TDF1.2×2500 1.2 2500 60° 550 3150×650×1500 Segmented Blade

Structure and Adjusting Instruction

Manual folding machine structure
Manual folding machine structure

This series of manual folding machine tools, as shown in Figure 1, consists of upper and lower beams, plate-folding components, and blades. These three components have been adjusted to a rotational center, allowing users to adjust related parameters based on the machine specifications and plate thickness.

The adjustable parts of this series of the manual folding machine are as follows:

  • Loosen bolt A connecting left and right ram seat and upper beam, and adjust bolts B or C until S=1.3t(t=plate thickness), when the upper and lower blades are parallel to each other, adjust bolt A, too small of S will be harmful to the blades.
parts of Manual folding machine
  • Adjust the upper beam in a vertical direction (limit to bevel gear locking folding machine), if some error emerges in the vertical position between the upper bean blade tip and the bottom blade surface, loosen the gland bolt and rotate the nut until the upper beam upright and bottom knife parallel, then re-locking the gland bolt.
  • Adjust the folding plate in a vertical direction ( as shown in fig.4)

First, loosen bolt A connecting the folding plate and folding plate seat, then adjusts bilateral bolt B until the folding plate blade and beam blade are in the same line, and finally, re-locking bolt A.

Manual folding machine
Manual folding machine
  • Adjusting the straightness of pre-stress and folding plate

All bearing points on the upper beam, lower beam, and folding plate are distributed at both ends, it is inevitable that some deflection will arise in the process of bending the plate, which directly affects the workpiece straightness, in order to overcome the shortcoming, the machine is equipped with the crowning device, through adjusting nut A to add some pre-stress on the center of the beam and folding plate (Max. adjustable height 0.5mm)for compensating the deflection deformation to guarantee the workpiece quality.

Manual folding machine

Operation and Use Instructions

These manual folding machines are user-friendly and easy to operate.

To start, the user adjusts the upper beam and folding plate, places the plate between the beams, secures the angle positioning plate on the left shaft, and rotates the folding plate to the angle positioning position. Then, the required workpieces can be folded.

The upper beam comes in two types of blades: 35° and 55°. The 55° blade is a segmented blade that can be assembled into blades of varying lengths to accommodate different shaped boxes.

A typical example is shown in Figure 7.

Manual folding machine operation

Reasonable Use and Maintenance

Before using the machine, it is important to carefully inspect the blade clearance, as shown in Figure 2 (S valve). It is strictly prohibited to fold plates that are too large, as this can damage the blade.

It is recommended to use the machine at a moderate pace. No one should stand behind the balance hammer to avoid potential accidents.

Regular attention should also be paid to the bearing and lubrication positions.

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