# How to Calculate Motor Power for Plate Rolling Machines

## 1. Preface

The construction and installation company of Laiwu Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. has decided to select a motor for the plate rolling machine in support of the bidding for the reconstruction and expansion of the 750 m3 blast furnace at the Laiwu Iron and Steel General Plant (Lai Steel). The plate rolling machine, which has been inactive for many years, will be utilized to prepare for the production of the blast furnace body and is capable of rolling 40mm thick steel plates.

By referring to the working principle of a multi-roll straightening machine and considering force and energy parameters, the working principle and calculation formulas of force and energy parameters for the plate rolling machine have been logically deduced.

The results of the test run indicate that the selected motor has enough driving power to meet the design capacity requirements of the plate rolling machine.

## 2. Bending process of steel plate on roller type plate rolling machine

The bending deformation of a steel plate on a plate rolling machine is a transverse bending process. As illustrated in Figure 1, under the influence of the bending moment M under an external load, the longitudinal fibers above the neutral layer experience compression, while the longitudinal fibers below the neutral layer undergo tensile deformation.

Fig. 1 Bending deformation diagram of steel plate

According to the magnitude of the external load torque, when the maximum stress on the surface layer of the steel plate is below the yield limit of the steel plate material, the longitudinal fibers in each layer are in an elastic deformation state. As the bending moment under the external load increases, the deformation of each layer of steel fibers continues.

When the external load reaches a certain point, the stress on the longitudinal fibers on the surface of the steel plate surpasses the yield limit of the material and the fibers undergo plastic deformation. The greater the load, the deeper the plastic deformation zone extends from the surface layer to the neutral layer.

When the stress on all the longitudinal fibers in the cross-section of the steel plate exceeds the yield limit of the material, all the fibers enter a plastic deformation state and the bending process is concluded.

## 3. Working principle of plate bending machine

The plate rolling machine has two working parameters:

1. The reverse bending ratio 1/ρ, which refers to the curvature of the steel plate after bending in one direction due to the action of the bending moment M.
2. The residual curvature 1/r, which refers to the curvature of the steel plate after elastic recovery under the influence of the elastic internal moment after the removal of the external load (r is the diameter of the rolled steel pipe).

The selection of the reverse bending ratio is critical in determining if the steel plate can achieve the desired bending outcome. In a three-roller plate roll, the reverse bending ratio is achieved by pressing down on the reduction roll.

Different residual curvatures can be obtained by adjusting the reduction to produce different diameters of rolled pipes.

## 4. Calculation of force and energy parameters of the plate rolling machine

The force and energy parameters of the plate rolling machine refer to the pressure (bending force) exerted on the roller, the bending torque, and the driving power of the motor of the plate rolling machine.

### 4.1 Pressure (bending force) acting on the roller of the plate bending machine

The pressure on the roller can be calculated based on the moment needed for bending the steel plate. In this case, the steel plate is considered a beam under a concentrated load. The load is the pressure exerted by each roller on the steel plate, as depicted in Figure 2.

Fig. 2 Pressure (bending force) acting on the roller

• P1: Pressure of the first roller on the steel plate
• P2: Pressure of the second roller on the steel plate
• P3: Pressure of the third roller on the steel plate
• t: Roll pitch

In the calculation, the bending moment of the steel plate under the second roll is assumed to be pure plastic bending moment Ms, that is, M2 = Ms (pure plastic bending moment M is the maximum bending moment that may be reached in elastic-plastic bending).

In the formula:

• σs — yield limit of steel plate material, 250Mpa;
• s — plastic section coefficient, which is bh2 / 4tb for steel plate;
• b – width of steel plate, m;
• h — steel plate thickness, mm.

In this way, P1, P2, P3 can be calculated according to the balance condition of external force on the steel plate under the second roller:

Total pressure:

### 4.2 Bending torque acting on the roller of plate bending machine

The bending torque MK acting on the roller can be determined according to the principle of equal function.

The bending work AK produced by bending torque on the roller shall be equal to the work AP for plastic deformation of steel plate, i.e. Ap = Ak (shown in Fig. 3).

Fig. 3 Variation of bending moment along plate length

The plastic deformation work Ap2 of the steel plate under the second roll is:

In the formula:

• M2 – bending moment of steel plate under the second roller;
• L2 — the length of steel plate under the second roller;
• 1 / rp2 — plastic deformation curvature of steel plate under the second roller.

Bending work acting on the second roller:

Where D2 is the diameter of the work roll.

To make:

For the convenience of calculation, the following assumptions are made:

• rp2 can be approximately equal to the diameter of the rolled tube;
• The bending moment M2 of the steel plate under the second roll is equal to pure plastic bending moment Mk2.

Then the formula is as follows:

## 5. Calculation of motor driving power of plate rolling machine

The motor power can be calculated according to the following formula:

In the formula:

• Mk — bending torque, kN.m;
• P – the total pressure acting on the roller, kN;
• d – rolling friction coefficient of roller and steel plate, the steel plate is 0.0008 m;
• μ – friction coefficient of roller bearing, the sliding bearing is 0.05 ～ 0.07;
• D – diameter of roller body, m;
• v – Speed of roll body, V/S;
• t – transmission efficiency, 0.65-0.80.

According to the above calculation formula, the motor driving power of 40 mm thick steel plate rolling machine is selected as follows:

It is known that: h = 40 mm, D = 420 mm, t = 900 mm, the maximum width of rolled steel plate b = 2500 mm, the minimum rolling diameter r = 1000 mm, d = 400 mm, v = 2 m/min.

Thus:

According to the above calculation, the motor driving power of the 40 mm steel plate rolling machine is selected as 25 kW.

Don't forget, sharing is caring! : )
Author

#### Shane

##### Founder of MachineMFG

As the founder of MachineMFG, I have dedicated over a decade of my career to the metalworking industry. My extensive experience has allowed me to become an expert in the fields of sheet metal fabrication, machining, mechanical engineering, and machine tools for metals. I am constantly thinking, reading, and writing about these subjects, constantly striving to stay at the forefront of my field. Let my knowledge and expertise be an asset to your business.

#### Mastering CAD/CAM: Essential Technologies Explained

Basic Concepts of Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) is a comprehensive and technically complex system engineering discipline that incorporates diverse fields such as computer [...]

#### Virtual Manufacturing Explained: Concepts & Principles

Concept of Virtual Manufacturing Virtual Manufacturing (VM) is the fundamental realization of the actual manufacturing process on a computer. It utilizes computer simulation and virtual reality technologies, supported by high-performance [...]

#### Understanding Flexible Manufacturing Systems: A Guide

A Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) typically employs principles of systems engineering and group technology. It connects Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine tools (processing centers), coordinate measuring machines, material transport systems, [...]

#### Exploring 4 Cutting-Edge Nanofabrication Techniques

Just as manufacturing technology plays a crucial role in various fields today, nanofabrication technology holds a key position in the realms of nanotechnology. Nanofabrication technology encompasses numerous methods including mechanical [...]

#### Ultra-Precision Machining: Types and Techniques

Ultra-precision machining refers to precision manufacturing processes that achieve extremely high levels of accuracy and surface quality. Its definition is relative, changing with technological advancements. Currently, this technique can achieve [...]

#### Choosing the Right CNC Fixture: Types and Tips

Currently, machining can be categorized into two groups based on production batch: Among these two categories, the first one accounts for about 70-80% of the total output value of machining [...]

#### Top 4 Specialty Processing Methods in Modern Engineering

This article mainly introduces several mature special processing methods. I. Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) EDM is a method of machining conductive materials by utilizing the phenomenon of electrical corrosion during [...]

#### What Is CNC Machining? Types, Pros, Cons and Machining Steps

What is CNC machining? Numerical Control (NC) refers to the method of controlling the movement and processing operations of machine tools using digitized information. Numerical Control Machine Tools, often abbreviated [...]

#### Exploring High-Speed Cutting: Tech Overview & Application

Cutting machining remains the most prominent method of mechanical processing, holding a significant role in mechanical manufacturing. With the advancement of manufacturing technology, cutting machining technology underwent substantial progress towards [...]

#### Minimize Welding Stress: Causes and Elimination

1. What is welding stress Welding stress refers to the stress generated during the welding process in welded components. This stress is caused by the thermal process of welding and [...]

#### Top 7 New Engineering Materials: What You Need to Know

Advanced materials refer to those recently researched or under development that possess exceptional performance and special functionalities. These materials are of paramount significance to the advancement of science and technology, [...]

#### Metal Expansion Methods: A Comprehensive Guide

Bulge forming is suitable for various types of blanks, such as deep-drawn cups, cut tubes, and rolled conical weldments. Classification by bulge forming medium Bulge forming methods can be categorized [...]
The latest news, articles, and resources, sent to your inbox weekly.