Commonly Used Overlap Value for Stamped Parts

In the process of arranging components, the excess material left between parts and between parts and the edge of the strip is referred to as the overlap. This overlap is crucial in fabrication processes. It not only compensates for positional errors and ensures the quality of the punched parts, but also ensures a certain rigidity […]

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In the process of arranging components, the excess material left between parts and between parts and the edge of the strip is referred to as the overlap. This overlap is crucial in fabrication processes. It not only compensates for positional errors and ensures the quality of the punched parts, but also ensures a certain rigidity of the strip, facilitating feeding.

However, an overlap that is too wide wastes material, and an overlap that is too narrow can cause breakage or warping of the overlap, possibly leading to a “nibbling” phenomenon (more prominent when punching thick materials), affecting the lifespan of the die or affecting the feed, and even causing intermittent production of the punched parts.

The shape, size, material thickness, and mechanical properties of the parts, along with the feeding and blocking methods, die characteristics and other factors determine the size of the overlap. The size of the overlap is usually determined by experience, and the values used by different technicians may vary. Here, we list commonly used overlap values for both spring-pressed and fixed stripper plates in Table 1 for reference.

Table 1 Common Overlap Values

Common Overlap Values

a), b), c) are for forward straight punching of strips d) are for forward and reverse punching of strips

Sheet metal thickness tCircular or arc-shaped stampings.
r>2t
(See Figures a and b) 
Straight Side Press
L≤50 
(See Figures c and d).
L>50
(See Figures C and D)
StampingFixedStampingFixedStampingFixed
abababababa or b
≤0.251.01.2  1. 21.5  1.5~2.51.8~2.6 
>0. 25 ~0. 50. 81.01.01.21. 01. 21.52.01.2~2.21.5~2.52.0~3.0
>0.5 ~10.81.00.81.01. 01.21.21.51.5~2.51.8~2.61.5~2.5
>1~1.51.01.31.01.21.21.51.21.81.8~2.82.2~3.21.8~2.8
>1.5~21.21.51.21.51.51.81.52.02.0~3.02.4~3.42.0~3.0
>2~2.51.51.91.51.81.82.21.82.22.2~3.22.7~3.72.2~3.2
>2.5~31.82.21.82.02.02.42.22.52.5~3.53.0~4.02.5~3.5
>3~3.52.02.52.02.22.22.72.52.82.8~3.83.3~4.32.8~3.8
>3.5~42.22.72.22.52.53.02.83.03.0~4.03.5~4.53.0~4.0
>4~52.53.02.52.83.03.53.03.53.5~4.54.0~5.03.5~4.5
>5 ~120.5t0.6t0.5t0.6t0.6t0.7t0.6t0.7t0.7~0.9t0. 8~1t0.75~0.9t

Note:

1. For straight edge punched parts with length L between 50~100mm, a can take smaller value; for L between 100~200mm, a can take a median value; for L between 200-300mm, a can take a larger value.

2. For forward and reverse punched strip width B>50mm, a can take a larger value.

3. For materials like hard cardboard, hard rubber, paper laminates, and automatic feeding of punched parts, the table values should be multiplied by a factor of 1.3.

4. For materials like leather and paper, the table values should be doubled.

5. For punching with thin plate clamps, depending on the thickness and outer dimensions of the punched parts, a should not be less than 4mm.

6. Spring pressed and fixed refer to spring-pressed stripper punch die and fixed stripper punch die.

7. The values of a and b in this table have taken into account the impact of shearing width error (see Table 2, 3).

Table 2 Horizontal Shear Bed Shear Width Error (unit: mm)

Sheet metal thickness tCutting Width B
≤50>50~100>100~150>150~220>220~300
≤1-0.4-0.5-0.6-0.7-0.8
>1~2-0.5-0.6-0.7-0.8-0.9
>2~3-0.7-0.8-0.9-1.0-1.1
>3~5-0.9-1.0-1.1-1.2-1.3

Table 3: Deviation in Material Cutting Width of the Rolling Shear Machine (Unit: mm)

Sheet metal thickness tCutting Width B
≤20>20~30>30~50
≤0.5-0.050.080.10
>0.5~10.080.10-0.15
>1~20.100.150.20

In summary, the overlap is waste material. To save materials, the smaller the overlap, the better. However, too small of an overlap easily squeezes into the die, increasing blade wear, reducing die life, and also affecting the shearing surface quality of the punched parts.

Generally speaking, when determining the overlap value, consider:

1) The mechanical properties of the material. More plastic materials require larger overlap, while harder and stronger materials require smaller overlap.

2) The thickness of the material. The thicker the material, the larger the overlap should be.

3) The shape and size of the workpiece. The more complex the shape of the workpiece and the smaller the radius of the corner, the larger the overlap should be.

4) The overlap value for staggered arrangement should be larger than that for straight arrangement.

5) For manual feeding and side pressure plate guidance, the overlap value can be smaller.

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Shane
Author

Shane

Founder of MachineMFG

As the founder of MachineMFG, I have dedicated over a decade of my career to the metalworking industry. My extensive experience has allowed me to become an expert in the fields of sheet metal fabrication, machining, mechanical engineering, and machine tools for metals. I am constantly thinking, reading, and writing about these subjects, constantly striving to stay at the forefront of my field. Let my knowledge and expertise be an asset to your business.

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