Metal Mechanical Properties Chart: Shear Strength, Tensile Strength, Yield Strength

Recently we’ve been getting a lot of inquiries from readers about mechanical property tables for various metals, such as the shear strength, tensile strength, yield strength and elongation of steel, etc.

To meet the needs of our readers, we have compiled the following mechanical properties tables listing various ferrous and non-ferrous metals.

Hope that helps!

Table of mechanical properties of ferrous materials

MaterialGradeMaterial
Status
Shear
Strength
τ(MPa)
Tensile
Strength
σb(MPa)
Elongation
σs(%)
Yield
Strength
δ(MPa)
Elastic
Modulus
Е(MPa)
Industrial pure iron for electricians C>0.025DT1
DT2
DT3
annealed18023026
Electrical Silicon SteelD11、D12
D21、D31
D32、D370
D310~340
S41~48
annealed19023026
Ordinary carbon steelQ195unannealed260~320315~39028~33195
Q215270~340335~41026~31215
Q235310~380375~46021~26235
Q255340~420410~51019~24255
Q275400~500490~61015~20275
Carbon tool steel08Fannealed220~310280~39032180
10F260~360330~45032200190000
15F220~340280~42030190
08260~340300~44029210198000
10250~370320~46028
15270~380340~48026280202000
20280~400360~5103525021000
25320~440400~55034280202000
30360~480450~60022300201000
35400~520500~65020320201000
40420~540520~67018340213500
45440~560550~70016360204000
50normalized440~580550~73014380220000
55550≥67043390
60550≥70012410208000
65600≥73010420
70600≥7609430210000
T7~T12
T7A~T12A
annealed60075010
T8Acold hardened600~950750~1200
High-quality carbon steel10Mnannealed320~460400~58022230211000
65Mn6007501240021000
Alloy structural steel25CrMnSiA
25CrMnSi
low-temperature annealed400~560500~70018950
30CrMnSiA
30CrMnSi
440~6000550~750161450
850
Quality spring steel60Si2Mn
60Si2MnA
65SiWA
low-temperature annealed720900101200200000
cold hardened640~960800~1200101400
1600
Stainless steel1Cr13annealed320~380400~47021420210000
2Cr13320~400400~50020450210000
3Cr13400~480500~60018480210000
4Cr13400~480500~60015500210000
1Cr18Ni19
2Cr18Ni19
heat-treated460~520580~64035200200000
rolled, cold-hardened800~8801000~110038220200000
1Cr18Ni9TiHeat-treated softened430~550540~70040200200000

Shear strength table of steel when heated

Steel GradeHeating temperature ℃
200500600700800900
Q195, Q215, 08, 153603202001106030
Q235, Q255, 20, 254504502401309060
Q275, 30, 355305203301609070
40, 45, 506005803801909070

Note: The value of the shear strength of the material should be taken at the stamping temperature, which is usually 150~200℃ lower than the heating temperature.

Table of mechanical properties of non-ferrous metals

MaterialGradeMaterial StatusShear Strength τ(MPa)Tensile Strength σb(MPa)Elongation σs
(%)
Yield
Strength δ
(MPa)
Elastic
Modulus Е
(MPa)
Aluminum1070A,1050A 1200Annealed8075~1102550~8072000
Cold hardened100120~1504120~240
Aluminum manganese alloys3A21Annealed70~100110~145195071000
Semi-cold hardened100~140155~20013130
Aluminum-magnesium alloy
Aluminum-magnesium-copper alloy
SA02Annealed130~160180~23010070000
Semi-cold hardened160~200230~280210
High strength aluminum-magnesium-copper alloy7A04Annealed170250
Hardened and artificially aged35050046070000
Magnesium-manganese alloyMB1
MB8
Annealed120~140170~1903~59843600
Annealed170~190220~23012~2414040000
Cold hardened190~200240~2508~10160
Rigid aluminum2Al12Annealed105~150150~21512
Hardened with natural aging280~310400~4401536872000
Cold hardened after hardening280~320400~46010340
Pure copperT1、T2、T3Soft1602003070108000
Hard2403003380130000
BrassH62Soft26030035380100000
Semi-hard30038020200
Hard42042010480
BrassH68Soft24030040100110000
Semi-hard28035025
Hard40040015250115000
Lead brassHPb59-1Soft3003502514293000
Hard4004505420105000
Manganese brassHMn58-2Soft34039025170100000
Semi-hard40045015
Hard5206005
Tin-phosphorus bronze
Tin-Zinc-Bronze
QSn4-4-2.5
QSn4-3
Soft26030038140100000
Hard4805503~5
Extra-hard5006501~2546124000
Aluminum bronzeQAl17Annealed52060010186
Un-annealed5606505250115000~130000
Aluminum manganese bronzeQAl9-2Soft3604501830092000
Hard4806005500
Silicon-manganese bronzeQBi3-1Soft280~300350~38040~45239120000
Hard480~520600~6503~5540
Extra-hard560~600700~7501~2
Beryllium bronzeQBe2Soft240~480300~60030250~350117000
Hard52066021280132000~141000
Cupro-nickelB19Soft24030025
Hard3604503
Nickel silverBZn15-20Soft28035035207
Hard4005501486126000~140000
Extra-hard520650
NickelNi-3~Ni-5Soft3504003570
Hard4705502210210000~230000
German silverBZn15-20Soft30035035
Hard4805501
Extra-hard5606501
ZincZn-3~Zn-6120~200140~230407580000~130000
LeadPb-3~Pb-620~3025~4040~505~1015000~17000
TinSn1~Sn430~4040~501241500~55000
Titanium alloyTA2Annealed360~480450~60025~30
TA3440~600550~75020~25
TA5640~680800~85015800~900104000
Magnesium alloyMB1Cold state120~140170~1903~512040000
MB8150~180230~24014~1522041000
MB1Preheat 300°C30~5030~5050~5240000
MB850~7050~7058~6241000
Silver180503081000
Fungible alloyNi29Co18400~500500~600
Copper constantanBMn40-1.5Soft400~600
Hard650
TungstenAnnealed7200700312000
Un-annealed14911~4800380000
MolybdenumAnnealed20~30140020~25385280000
Un-annealed32~3416002~5595300000

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