Metal Mechanical Properties Chart: Shear Strength, Tensile Strength, Yield Strength

Recently we’ve been getting a lot of inquiries from readers about mechanical property tables for various metals, such as the shear strength, tensile strength, yield strength and elongation of steel, etc.

To meet the needs of our readers, we have compiled the following mechanical properties tables listing various ferrous and non-ferrous metals.

Hope that helps!

Table of mechanical properties of ferrous materials

Material Grade Material
Status
Shear
Strength
τ(MPa)
Tensile
Strength
σb(MPa)
Elongation
σs(%)
Yield
Strength
δ(MPa)
Elastic
Modulus
Е(MPa)
Industrial pure iron for electricians C>0.025 DT1
DT2
DT3
annealed 180 230 26
Electrical Silicon Steel D11、D12
D21、D31
D32、D370
D310~340
S41~48
annealed 190 230 26
Ordinary carbon steel Q195 unannealed 260~320 315~390 28~33 195
Q215 270~340 335~410 26~31 215
Q235 310~380 375~460 21~26 235
Q255 340~420 410~510 19~24 255
Q275 400~500 490~610 15~20 275
Carbon tool steel 08F annealed 220~310 280~390 32 180
10F 260~360 330~450 32 200 190000
15F 220~340 280~420 30 190
08 260~340 300~440 29 210 198000
10 250~370 320~460 28
15 270~380 340~480 26 280 202000
20 280~400 360~510 35 250 21000
25 320~440 400~550 34 280 202000
30 360~480 450~600 22 300 201000
35 400~520 500~650 20 320 201000
40 420~540 520~670 18 340 213500
45 440~560 550~700 16 360 204000
50 normalized 440~580 550~730 14 380 220000
55 550 ≥670 43 390
60 550 ≥700 12 410 208000
65 600 ≥730 10 420
70 600 ≥760 9 430 210000
T7~T12
T7A~T12A
annealed 600 750 10
T8A cold hardened 600~950 750~1200
High-quality carbon steel 10Mn annealed 320~460 400~580 22 230 211000
65Mn 600 750 12 400 21000
Alloy structural steel 25CrMnSiA
25CrMnSi
low-temperature annealed 400~560 500~700 18 950
30CrMnSiA
30CrMnSi
440~6000 550~750 16 1450
850
Quality spring steel 60Si2Mn
60Si2MnA
65SiWA
low-temperature annealed 720 900 10 1200 200000
cold hardened 640~960 800~1200 10 1400
1600
Stainless steel 1Cr13 annealed 320~380 400~470 21 420 210000
2Cr13 320~400 400~500 20 450 210000
3Cr13 400~480 500~600 18 480 210000
4Cr13 400~480 500~600 15 500 210000
1Cr18Ni19
2Cr18Ni19
heat-treated 460~520 580~640 35 200 200000
rolled, cold-hardened 800~880 1000~1100 38 220 200000
1Cr18Ni9Ti Heat-treated softened 430~550 540~700 40 200 200000

Shear strength table of steel when heated

Steel Grade Heating temperature ℃
200 500 600 700 800 900
Q195, Q215, 08, 15 360 320 200 110 60 30
Q235, Q255, 20, 25 450 450 240 130 90 60
Q275, 30, 35 530 520 330 160 90 70
40, 45, 50 600 580 380 190 90 70

Note: The value of the shear strength of the material should be taken at the stamping temperature, which is usually 150~200℃ lower than the heating temperature.

Table of mechanical properties of non-ferrous metals

Material Grade Material Status Shear Strength τ(MPa) Tensile Strength σb(MPa) Elongation σs
(%)
Yield
Strength δ
(MPa)
Elastic
Modulus Е
(MPa)
Aluminum 1070A,1050A 1200 Annealed 80 75~110 25 50~80 72000
Cold hardened 100 120~150 4 120~240
Aluminum manganese alloys 3A21 Annealed 70~100 110~145 19 50 71000
Semi-cold hardened 100~140 155~200 13 130
Aluminum-magnesium alloy
Aluminum-magnesium-copper alloy
SA02 Annealed 130~160 180~230 100 70000
Semi-cold hardened 160~200 230~280 210
High strength aluminum-magnesium-copper alloy 7A04 Annealed 170 250
Hardened and artificially aged 350 500 460 70000
Magnesium-manganese alloy MB1
MB8
Annealed 120~140 170~190 3~5 98 43600
Annealed 170~190 220~230 12~24 140 40000
Cold hardened 190~200 240~250 8~10 160
Rigid aluminum 2Al12 Annealed 105~150 150~215 12
Hardened with natural aging 280~310 400~440 15 368 72000
Cold hardened after hardening 280~320 400~460 10 340
Pure copper T1、T2、T3 Soft 160 200 30 70 108000
Hard 240 300 3 380 130000
Brass H62 Soft 260 300 35 380 100000
Semi-hard 300 380 20 200
Hard 420 420 10 480
Brass H68 Soft 240 300 40 100 110000
Semi-hard 280 350 25
Hard 400 400 15 250 115000
Lead brass HPb59-1 Soft 300 350 25 142 93000
Hard 400 450 5 420 105000
Manganese brass HMn58-2 Soft 340 390 25 170 100000
Semi-hard 400 450 15
Hard 520 600 5
Tin-phosphorus bronze
Tin-Zinc-Bronze
QSn4-4-2.5
QSn4-3
Soft 260 300 38 140 100000
Hard 480 550 3~5
Extra-hard 500 650 1~2 546 124000
Aluminum bronze QAl17 Annealed 520 600 10 186
Un-annealed 560 650 5 250 115000~130000
Aluminum manganese bronze QAl9-2 Soft 360 450 18 300 92000
Hard 480 600 5 500
Silicon-manganese bronze QBi3-1 Soft 280~300 350~380 40~45 239 120000
Hard 480~520 600~650 3~5 540
Extra-hard 560~600 700~750 1~2
Beryllium bronze QBe2 Soft 240~480 300~600 30 250~350 117000
Hard 520 660 2 1280 132000~141000
Cupro-nickel B19 Soft 240 300 25
Hard 360 450 3
Nickel silver BZn15-20 Soft 280 350 35 207
Hard 400 550 1 486 126000~140000
Extra-hard 520 650
Nickel Ni-3~Ni-5 Soft 350 400 35 70
Hard 470 550 2 210 210000~230000
German silver BZn15-20 Soft 300 350 35
Hard 480 550 1
Extra-hard 560 650 1
Zinc Zn-3~Zn-6 120~200 140~230 40 75 80000~130000
Lead Pb-3~Pb-6 20~30 25~40 40~50 5~10 15000~17000
Tin Sn1~Sn4 30~40 40~50 12 41500~55000
Titanium alloy TA2 Annealed 360~480 450~600 25~30
TA3 440~600 550~750 20~25
TA5 640~680 800~850 15 800~900 104000
Magnesium alloy MB1 Cold state 120~140 170~190 3~5 120 40000
MB8 150~180 230~240 14~15 220 41000
MB1 Preheat 300°C 30~50 30~50 50~52 40000
MB8 50~70 50~70 58~62 41000
Silver 180 50 30 81000
Fungible alloy Ni29Co18 400~500 500~600
Copper constantan BMn40-1.5 Soft 400~600
Hard 650
Tungsten Annealed 720 0 700 312000
Un-annealed 1491 1~4 800 380000
Molybdenum Annealed 20~30 1400 20~25 385 280000
Un-annealed 32~34 1600 2~5 595 300000

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