Press Brake

For sheet metal bending, the press brake is a necessary machine. We have NC type and CNC type press brakes. At the same time, we can customize the punches and dies according to your practical use in sheet metal fabrication.

Shearing Machine

For the straight cutting of steel plate, hydraulic shearing machine is a good choice. It not only has high cutting efficiency, but also requires less investment. We have both swing beam shears and guillotine shears for your selection.

Laser Cutting Machine

In the current metal plate and pipe cutting, laser cutting machine is undoubtedly the best choice. It can not only cut various shapes, but also has small cutting gap, high precision and high cutting efficiency. Today, it is very cost-effective.

Metal Mechanical Properties Chart: Shear Strength, Tensile Strength, Yield Strength

Recently we’ve been getting a lot of inquiries from readers about mechanical property (metal strength) tables for various metals, such as the shear strength, tensile strength, yield strength and elongation of steel, etc.

To meet the needs of our readers, we have compiled the following mechanical properties tables listing various ferrous and non-ferrous metals.

Hope that helps!

Table of mechanical properties of ferrous materials

(Metal Strength Chart)

Material Grade Material
Status
Shear
Strength
τ(MPa)
Tensile
Strength
σb(MPa)
Elongation
σs(%)
Yield
Strength
δ(MPa)
Elastic
Modulus
Е(MPa)
Industrial pure iron for electricians C>0.025 DT1
DT2
DT3
annealed 180 230 26    
Electrical Silicon Steel D11、D12
D21、D31
D32、D370
D310~340
S41~48
annealed 190 230 26    
Ordinary carbon steel Q195 unannealed 260~320 315~390 28~33 195  
Q215 270~340 335~410 26~31 215
Q235 310~380 375~460 21~26 235
Q255 340~420 410~510 19~24 255
Q275 400~500 490~610 15~20 275
Carbon tool steel 08F annealed 220~310 280~390 32 180  
10F 260~360 330~450 32 200 190000
15F 220~340 280~420 30 190  
08 260~340 300~440 29 210 198000
10 250~370 320~460 28  
15 270~380 340~480 26 280 202000
20   280~400 360~510 35 250 21000
25 320~440 400~550 34 280 202000
30 360~480 450~600 22 300 201000
35 400~520 500~650 20 320 201000
40 420~540 520~670 18 340 213500
45 440~560 550~700 16 360 204000
50 normalized 440~580 550~730 14 380 220000
55 550 ≥670 43 390
60 550 ≥700 12 410 208000
65 600 ≥730 10 420
70 600 ≥760 9 430 210000
T7~T12
T7A~T12A
annealed 600 750 10
T8A cold hardened 600~950 750~1200
High-quality carbon steel 10Mn annealed 320~460 400~580 22 230 211000
65Mn 600 750 12 400 21000
Alloy structural steel 25CrMnSiA
25CrMnSi
low-temperature annealed 400~560 500~700 18 950
30CrMnSiA
30CrMnSi
440~6000 550~750 16 1450
850
Quality spring steel 60Si2Mn
60Si2MnA
65SiWA
low-temperature annealed 720 900 10 1200 200000
cold hardened 640~960 800~1200 10 1400
1600
Stainless steel 1Cr13 annealed 320~380 400~470 21 420 210000
2Cr13 320~400 400~500 20 450 210000
3Cr13 400~480 500~600 18 480 210000
4Cr13 400~480 500~600 15 500 210000
1Cr18Ni19
2Cr18Ni19
heat-treated 460~520 580~640 35 200 200000
rolled, cold-hardened 800~880 1000~1100 38 220 200000
1Cr18Ni9Ti Heat-treated softened 430~550 540~700 40 200 200000

Shear strength table of steel when heated

Steel Grade Heating temperature ℃
200 500 600 700 800 900
Q195, Q215, 08, 15 360 320 200 110 60 30
Q235, Q255, 20, 25 450 450 240 130 90 60
Q275, 30, 35 530 520 330 160 90 70
40, 45, 50 600 580 380 190 90 70

Note: The value of the shear strength of the material should be taken at the stamping temperature, which is usually 150~200℃ lower than the heating temperature.

Table of mechanical properties of non-ferrous metals

Material Grade Material Status Shear Strength τ(MPa) Tensile Strength σb(MPa) Elongation σs
(%)
Yield
Strength δ
(MPa)
Elastic
Modulus Е
(MPa)
Aluminum 1070A,1050A 1200 Annealed 80 75~110 25 50~80 72000
Cold hardened 100 120~150 4 120~240
Aluminum manganese alloys 3A21 Annealed 70~100 110~145 19 50 71000
Semi-cold hardened 100~140 155~200 13 130
Aluminum-magnesium alloy
Aluminum-magnesium-copper alloy
SA02 Annealed 130~160 180~230 100 70000
Semi-cold hardened 160~200 230~280 210
High strength aluminum-magnesium-copper alloy 7A04 Annealed 170 250
Hardened and artificially aged 350 500 460 70000
Magnesium-manganese alloy MB1
MB8
Annealed 120~140 170~190 3~5 98 43600
Annealed 170~190 220~230 12~24 140 40000
Cold hardened 190~200 240~250 8~10 160
Rigid aluminum 2Al12 Annealed 105~150 150~215 12
Hardened with natural aging 280~310 400~440 15 368 72000
Cold hardened after hardening 280~320 400~460 10 340
Pure copper T1、T2、T3 Soft 160 200 30 70 108000
Hard 240 300 3 380 130000
Brass H62 Soft 260 300 35 380 100000
Semi-hard 300 380 20 200
Hard 420 420 10 480
Brass H68 Soft 240 300 40 100 110000
Semi-hard 280 350 25
Hard 400 400 15 250 115000
Lead brass HPb59-1 Soft 300 350 25 142 93000
Hard 400 450 5 420 105000
Manganese brass HMn58-2 Soft 340 390 25 170 100000
Semi-hard 400 450 15
Hard 520 600 5
Tin-phosphorus bronze
Tin-Zinc-Bronze
QSn4-4-2.5
QSn4-3
Soft 260 300 38 140 100000
Hard 480 550 3~5  
Extra-hard 500 650 1~2 546 124000
Aluminum bronze QAl17 Annealed 520 600 10 186
Un-annealed 560 650 5 250 115000~130000
Aluminum manganese bronze QAl9-2 Soft 360 450 18 300 92000
Hard 480 600 5 500
Silicon-manganese bronze QBi3-1 Soft 280~300 350~380 40~45 239 120000
Hard 480~520 600~650 3~5 540
Extra-hard 560~600 700~750 1~2
Beryllium bronze QBe2 Soft 240~480 300~600 30 250~350 117000
Hard 520 660 2 1280 132000~141000
Cupro-nickel B19 Soft 240 300 25
Hard 360 450 3
Nickel silver BZn15-20 Soft 280 350 35 207
Hard 400 550 1 486 126000~140000
Extra-hard 520 650  
Nickel Ni-3~Ni-5 Soft 350 400 35 70
Hard 470 550 2 210 210000~230000
German silver BZn15-20 Soft 300 350 35
Hard 480 550 1
Extra-hard 560 650 1
Zinc Zn-3~Zn-6 120~200 140~230 40 75 80000~130000
Lead Pb-3~Pb-6 20~30 25~40 40~50 5~10 15000~17000
Tin Sn1~Sn4 30~40 40~50 12 41500~55000
Titanium alloy TA2 Annealed 360~480 450~600 25~30
TA3 440~600 550~750 20~25
TA5 640~680 800~850 15 800~900 104000
Magnesium alloy MB1 Cold state 120~140 170~190 3~5 120 40000
MB8 150~180 230~240 14~15 220 41000
MB1 Preheat 300°C 30~50 30~50 50~52 40000
MB8 50~70 50~70 58~62 41000
Silver 180 50 30 81000
Fungible alloy Ni29Co18 400~500 500~600
Copper constantan BMn40-1.5 Soft 400~600
Hard 650
Tungsten Annealed 720 0 700 312000
Un-annealed 1491 1~4 800 380000
Molybdenum Annealed 20~30 1400 20~25 385 280000
Un-annealed 32~34 1600 2~5 595 300000

FAQs about metal mechanical properties

What is metal strength?

Metal strength refers to the ability of metal materials to resist permanent deformation and fracture under the action of external force.

Since the action modes of load include tension, compression, bending, shear and other forms, the strength is also divided into tensile strength, compressive strength, flexural strength, shear strength and so on.

There is often a certain connection between various strengths. Generally, tensile strength (The maximum tensile stress that the specimen can bear before breaking during tensile test) is used as a very basic strength index.

What does metal strength include?

Metal strength refers to the maximum ability of metal materials to resist the damage of external forces.

Metals have various strengths.

For example:

Tensile strength:

Code: σ b. Refers to the strength limit of external force under tension.

Compressive strength:

Code σbc refers to the strength limit when the external force is press.

Bending strength:

Code σbb refers to the ultimate shear strength when the external force is perpendicular to the material axis and makes the material bend after action.

For sheet metal, the strength also includes:

Shear strength, yield strength, impact performance, internal and external bending, etc.

What is tensile strength?

Tensile strength, a physical term, is the critical value of the transition of metal from uniform plastic deformation to local concentrated plastic deformation, and it is also the maximum bearing capacity of metal under static tension.

Tensile strength is the resistance to the maximum uniform plastic deformation of the material. Before the tensile sample bears the maximum tensile stress, the deformation is uniform, but after exceeding the maximum tensile stress, the metal begins to shrink, that is, concentrated deformation;

For brittle materials with no (or very small) uniform plastic deformation, it reflects the fracture resistance of the material.

The symbol is Rm (the symbol of tensile strength specified in the old national standard of GB / T 228-1987 is σb) , in MPa.

What is compressive strength?

Compressive strength, code σ BC, refers to the strength limit when external force applies pressure.

In order to understand the characteristics of stone and whether it is applicable in engineering, the mechanical strength test of rock must be carried out first.

The most important strength test is the test of compressive strength.

What is bending strength?

Bending strength refers to the ability of materials to resist bending and continuous cracking. It is mainly used to investigate the strength of brittle materials such as ceramics.

Generally, three-point bending test or four-point test method is used for evaluation.

The four point test requires two loading forces, which is more complex; three point test is the most commonly used.

Its value is directly proportional to the maximum pressure.

What is the difference between metal strength and hardness

The concepts of hardness and strength are different, but they are indicators to measure the mechanical properties of metal materials, which can be converted under certain conditions.

Hardness: it is the ability of metal to resist hard objects pressing into its surface. It measures the hardness and softness of metal.

The commonly used hardness indexes are Brinell hardness (HB), Rockwell hardness (HRC, HRB and HRA) and Vickers hardness (HV).

Strength: it refers to the ability of metal to resist permanent deformation and fracture under the action of external force. It measures the ability of metal to resist failure after bearing load.

The commonly used strength indexes are: yield strength and tensile strength.

The difference between metal strength and hardness:

Hardness is mainly used to check and control the heat treatment quality of metal parts.

Strength is an important basis for the design and material selection of general parts.

What is the strongest metal?

The strongest metal is tungsten, followed by titanium, tritium, osmium, iron, steel, zirconium, chromium, vanadium and tantalum.

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6 thoughts on “Metal Mechanical Properties Chart: Shear Strength, Tensile Strength, Yield Strength”

  1. Hi Shane, I’m in the process of purchasing a pneumatic press to punch a pattern from 0.5mm mild steel and corrugated tin can. The shape is that of a petal/flower 100x100mm. In your opinion, what sort of pressure capacity should I be looking out for ? Manually is extremely time consuming. Cheers, Jo.

    1. Hope this helps:
      Shear force depends on the perimeter. your pedals can probably be approximated with ovals or if they are all the same size an oval times the number.
      The oval equation is:
      p = 2pi times square root of [(a squared + b squared)/2]

      or rewritten as: P=2π√[(a^2+ b^2)/2]

      the a and the b are the length and width of the ovals.
      Multiply by number of petals = permiter
      Once you have the perimeter the punching force PF becomes:
      PF = Perimeter x Thickness x Shear Strength
      Steel cans vary from .14″ to about .11″
      So the perimeter times about .13″ gives the cross sectional area being sheared
      And low carbon steel is about 40,000 lbs/square inch
      So take the cross sectional area being sheared multiply by 40,000 and that is your punch force approximation
      thx
      mt\

  2. Metal sheeting on building walls.
    Galvalume, 26 gauge, for example.
    What shear strength, if any, does it have?
    I use it as a roofing material, only. However, many builders use it as a wall covering. I don’t think it is designed, nor strong enough, to be used as a wall covering on its own.
    Any thoughts?

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