What is the melting point of metal? What is the highest and lowest melting point of metal? A significant issue to be aware of when processing metal materials are the melting point.

First, let’s take a look at what is the melting point.

The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which the solid and liquid phases of the pure substance are balanced under a certain pressure, that is, at the pressure and the melting point temperature, the chemical potential of the pure substance is equal to the chemical potential of the liquid.

For the pure material solid system (nanosystem) with great dispersion, the surface part cannot be ignored, and its chemical potential is not only a function of temperature and pressure but also related to the particle size of the solid particles, which belongs to the thermodynamic first-order phase transition process.

The Metaling Point of Ferrous Metal and Nonferrous Metal

Simply put, only a certain melting point can change the shape of the metal, thus forging different products.

Therefore, we should first understand the melting point of various metals before processing.

Let’s dive in the melting point of various ferrous metal and nonferrous metal.

 

No.MetalMelting Point (℃)Remark
Ferrous Metal1Iron1535The melting point of steel is 1400—1500℃ and 1200℃ for pig iron.
2Chromium1890Pure Metal
3Manganese1244Pure Metal
Nonferrous Metal1Aluminum660Pure Metal
2Magnesium651Pure Metal
3Potassium63Pure Metal
4Sodium98Pure Metal
5Calcium815Pure Metal
6Strontium769Pure Metal
7Barium1285Pure Metal
8Copper1083Pure Metal
9Lead328Pure Metal
10Zinc419Pure Metal
11Tin232Pure Metal
12Cobalt1495Pure Metal
13Nickel1453Pure Metal
14Antimony630Pure Metal
15Mercury-39Pure Metal
16Cadmium321Pure Metal
17Bismuth271Pure Metal
18Gold1062Pure Metal
19Silver961Pure Metal
20Platinum1774Pure Metal
21Ruthenium231Pure Metal
22Palladium1555Pure Metal
23Osmium3054Pure Metal
24Iridium2454Pure Metal
25Beryllium1284Pure Metal
26Lithium180Pure Metal
27Rubidium39Pure Metal
28Cesium29Pure Metal
29Titanium1675Pure Metal
30Zirconium1852Pure Metal
31Hafnium2230Pure Metal
32Vanadium1890Pure Metal
33Niobium2468Pure Metal
34Tantalum2996Pure Metal
35Tungsten3410Pure Metal
36Molybdenum2617Pure Metal
37Gallium30Pure Metal
38Indium157Pure Metal
39Thallium304Pure Metal
40Germanium937Pure Metal
41Rhenium3180Pure Metal
42Lanthanum921Pure Metal
43Cerium799Pure Metal
44Praseodymium931Pure Metal
45Neodymium1021Pure Metal
46Samarium1072Pure Metal
47Europium822Pure Metal
48Gadolinium1313Pure Metal
49Terbium1356Pure Metal
50Dysprosium1412Pure Metal
51Holmium1474Pure Metal
52Erbium1529Pure Metal
53Thulium1545Pure Metal
54Ytterbium819Pure Metal
55Lutecium1633Pure Metal
56Scandium1541Pure Metal
57Yttrium1522Pure Metal
58Thorium1750Pure Metal

In the Periodic Table of Elements, there’re two nonmetal materials which are Silicon and Boron, and the melting point of them are 1420°C and 2300°C respectively.

What is the highest and lowest melting point? From the table, we have been able to understand the melting point of various metals clearly. For the metal with the highest and lowest melting point, I’ll also give you a brief introduction.

There is a kind of metal called Caesium, which is silvery white. It was found in 1860. Except for mercury, it has the lowest melting point of 29 °C.

Among all pure metals, tungsten has the highest melting point.

In 1783, two Spanish people discovered that the melting point of tungsten was 3417 ± 10 °C.

The most resistant to high temperatures are niobium carbides (TG 0.88) and niobium carbides (HfG 0.95). The melting points of the two materials were 4010±75 °C and 3960±20 °C respectively.