What is the melting point of metal? What is the highest and lowest melting point of metal? A significant issue to be aware of when processing metal materials are the melting point.

First, let’s take a look at what is the melting point.

The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which the solid and liquid phases of the pure substance are balanced under a certain pressure, that is, at the pressure and the melting point temperature, the chemical potential of the pure substance is equal to the chemical potential of the liquid.

For the pure material solid system (nanosystem) with great dispersion, the surface part cannot be ignored, and its chemical potential is not only a function of temperature and pressure but also related to the particle size of the solid particles, which belongs to the thermodynamic first-order phase transition process.

The Metaling Point of Ferrous Metal and Nonferrous Metal

Simply put, only a certain melting point can change the shape of the metal, thus forging different products.

Therefore, we should first understand the melting point of various metals before processing.

Let’s dive in the melting point of various ferrous metal and nonferrous metal.


No. Metal Melting Point (℃) Remark
Ferrous Metal 1 Iron 1535 The melting point of steel is 1400—1500℃ and 1200℃ for pig iron.
2 Chromium 1890 Pure Metal
3 Manganese 1244 Pure Metal
Nonferrous Metal 1 Aluminum 660 Pure Metal
2 Magnesium 651 Pure Metal
3 Potassium 63 Pure Metal
4 Sodium 98 Pure Metal
5 Calcium 815 Pure Metal
6 Strontium 769 Pure Metal
7 Barium 1285 Pure Metal
8 Copper 1083 Pure Metal
9 Lead 328 Pure Metal
10 Zinc 419 Pure Metal
11 Tin 232 Pure Metal
12 Cobalt 1495 Pure Metal
13 Nickel 1453 Pure Metal
14 Antimony 630 Pure Metal
15 Mercury -39 Pure Metal
16 Cadmium 321 Pure Metal
17 Bismuth 271 Pure Metal
18 Gold 1062 Pure Metal
19 Silver 961 Pure Metal
20 Platinum 1774 Pure Metal
21 Ruthenium 231 Pure Metal
22 Palladium 1555 Pure Metal
23 Osmium 3054 Pure Metal
24 Iridium 2454 Pure Metal
25 Beryllium 1284 Pure Metal
26 Lithium 180 Pure Metal
27 Rubidium 39 Pure Metal
28 Cesium 29 Pure Metal
29 Titanium 1675 Pure Metal
30 Zirconium 1852 Pure Metal
31 Hafnium 2230 Pure Metal
32 Vanadium 1890 Pure Metal
33 Niobium 2468 Pure Metal
34 Tantalum 2996 Pure Metal
35 Tungsten 3410 Pure Metal
36 Molybdenum 2617 Pure Metal
37 Gallium 30 Pure Metal
38 Indium 157 Pure Metal
39 Thallium 304 Pure Metal
40 Germanium 937 Pure Metal
41 Rhenium 3180 Pure Metal
42 Lanthanum 921 Pure Metal
43 Cerium 799 Pure Metal
44 Praseodymium 931 Pure Metal
45 Neodymium 1021 Pure Metal
46 Samarium 1072 Pure Metal
47 Europium 822 Pure Metal
48 Gadolinium 1313 Pure Metal
49 Terbium 1356 Pure Metal
50 Dysprosium 1412 Pure Metal
51 Holmium 1474 Pure Metal
52 Erbium 1529 Pure Metal
53 Thulium 1545 Pure Metal
54 Ytterbium 819 Pure Metal
55 Lutecium 1633 Pure Metal
56 Scandium 1541 Pure Metal
57 Yttrium 1522 Pure Metal
58 Thorium 1750 Pure Metal

In the Periodic Table of Elements, there’re two nonmetal materials which are Silicon and Boron, and the melting point of them are 1420°C and 2300°C respectively.

What is the highest and lowest melting point? From the table, we have been able to understand the melting point of various metals clearly. For the metal with the highest and lowest melting point, I’ll also give you a brief introduction.

There is a kind of metal called Caesium, which is silvery white. It was found in 1860. Except for mercury, it has the lowest melting point of 29 °C.

Among all pure metals, tungsten has the highest melting point.

In 1783, two Spanish people discovered that the melting point of tungsten was 3417 ± 10 °C.

The most resistant to high temperatures are niobium carbides (TG 0.88) and niobium carbides (HfG 0.95). The melting points of the two materials were 4010±75 °C and 3960±20 °C respectively.