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4 Methods for Classifying Types of Dies: A Comprehensive Guide

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Are you curious about the different types of dies used in the manufacturing industry? Whether you’re a seasoned professional or just starting out, understanding the different die hardness levels, mold quality levels, die difficulties, and die sizes can be a game-changer in your production process.

In this article, we’ll dive deep into each of these categories and provide you with valuable insights that can help you make informed decisions when it comes to selecting the right die for your needs.

So, sit back, relax, and get ready to learn everything you need to know about the types of dies used in the manufacturing industry.

1. Die hardness

(1) Soft die

Die steel that has been pre-hardened, with a lower hardness of HB 400 or less and a production life of 500,000 times or less without quenching, is widely used.

(2) Hard die

The steel die undergoes annealing and the processing is divided into two stages: rough machining and finish machining.

After rough machining, the die is quenched to achieve a hardness of HRC48° or higher.

It is important to retain an allowance of approximately 0.2 after rough machining. Failure to do so may cause deformation of the workpiece during quenching treatment if the finishing process does not meet the requirements of the workpiece.

This type of die is commonly used for small-scale production, with a lifespan ranging from 50 to 1 million uses.

Die hardness

2. Mold quality level

Quality of Level 1 die

The dies must be able to endure one million or more die sinking processes.

For Level 1 dies, customers demand the use of top-quality materials and accessories to produce the best possible dies.

The requirements for Level 1 dies are as follows:

(1) Detailed die design, with computer drawings and material specifications.

(2) The die base must have a minimum hardness of HB280.

(3) The die core must be hardened to at least HRC50, and all rows and fittings must also be hardened.

(4) The thimble must be centered on the side of the tube.

(5) The die position must have a wear plate.

(6) The mold must have a temperature control monitor installed in the die or row position, according to feasibility.

(7) All cooling water channels are recommended to be nickel-plated (ELECTROLESS NICKEL PLATING) to prevent rust and facilitate cleaning.

(8) A positioning lock must be added to the parting line.

Mold quality level

Quality of Level 2 die

The dies must be able to endure half a million or more die sinking processes.

Level 2 dies are considered high-quality and must use good materials and accessories, along with meeting certain standards for dimensional accuracy in mold tolerances.

The requirements for Level 2 dies are as follows:

(1) It is recommended to have a detailed die design.

(2) The die base should have a hardness of at least HB280.

(3) The core of the die must have a minimum hardness of HRC48 and all rows and fittings must undergo heat treatment.

(4) A temperature control monitor should be installed in the die, or in the line position if feasible.

(5) A positioning lock must be present on the parting line.

(6) The following requirements can be specified on an individual basis and at the time of quotation.

Quality of Level 3 die

The die must withstand at least 25,000 sinking processes, and this requirement applies to both general and production dies.

For level 3 dies, the following requirements must be met:

(1) It is recommended to have a die design.

(2) The die base must have a minimum hardness of HB165.

(3) The core of the die must have a hardness of at least HB280.

(4) All other requirements, in addition to the above three basic requirements, are considered optional and can be specified as additional requirements.

Types Of Dies

Quality of Level 4 die

The die is expected to withstand approximately 10,000 sinking processes and is considered a low production die. While there are no specific requirements, the quality of the die should be high and acceptable to the customer.

For level 4 dies, the following requirements must be met:

(1) It is recommended to have a die design.

(2) The die base can be made of regular copper or aluminum.

(3) The die material can be made of aluminum or steel, subject to the customer’s approval.

(4) All other requirements, in addition to the above three basic requirements, are considered optional and can be specified as additional requirements.

3. Die difficulty

  • A level: A complex structured die with multiple row positions, multiple splitting on the top of the slant, core pulling and rotary core pulling.
  • B level: complex dies with multiple (two to four) rows of slanting tops, two to three times splitting, and core pumping.
  • C level: Simple fine spout dies with one or two rows, slanting tops and other general structured dies.
  • D level: simple structured dies like large nozzle die, two-plate die, no row position and no slanting top

4. Die size

Extra-large: dies with a width of 800mm or more.

Large: dies with a width between 600 and 800mm (excluding 800).

Medium: dies with a width between 350 and 600 mm (excluding 600).

Small: dies with a width of 350mm or less.

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