Rev Up Your Hydraulic Press Brake with Pump Control Technology

The hydraulic control technology of hydraulic press brakes has undergone three distinct stages of control: pressure proportional control, flow servo proportional control, and electro-hydraulic hybrid control technology.

This development represents a progression from basic control to precise control, ultimately resulting in the ability to simultaneously save energy and reduce usage costs.

With the implementation of electro-hydraulic hybrid technology in hydraulic bending machines, there has been a significant shift from coarse to refined technology.

Review of the development of electro-hydraulic mixing technology

When electro-hydraulic hybrid technology was first introduced, it was heavily influenced by superior CNC systems and technical knowledge. However, it simply replaced the asynchronous motor with a servomotor and utilized a multi-stage speed control method that estimated the hydraulic flow demand for each executive step in the bending cycle.

Due to this estimation, the oil pump driven by the servomotor must produce more flow than necessary. The excess flow is then forced to overflow through the relief valve, resulting in energy loss. Additionally, this control method is unstable and cannot adapt to the requirements of various processing techniques. The ram speed control is inflexible, and manufacturing costs are high.

Fortunately, with the advancement of electro-hydraulic pump control technology and the accumulation of experience in multiple industries, the hydraulic press brake has been optimized further with a torque limiting control scheme, as depicted in Figure 1.

framework diagram of torque limiting control scheme

Figure 1 Framework diagram of torque limiting control scheme

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This control scheme can solve not only the basic overflow situation but also further reduce the pressure proportional valve, which can save some hydraulic system costs.

Currently, this program is mainly used to support the hydraulic flow analog command of the NC system. However, there are still some CNC systems in the market that do not support dual analog work (hydraulic flow and hydraulic pressure) and can only use a combination of switching to form a multi-stage speed of the flow control with pressure analog command.

In addition to this apparent shortcoming, the torque limiting control scheme has another important limitation.

Before we delve into that, let’s briefly describe the working principle of the torque limiting control on a hydraulic press brake machine, as shown in Figure 2.

Correspondence between pressure and torque

Figure 2 Correspondence between pressure and torque

The motor output torque is controlled by mapping the system pressure, which is achieved through a basic PID control system. While the principle is simple and easy to understand, a non-linear relationship exists between the pressure command, the torque limit value, and the actual pressure value during specific implementation.

To correct this issue, the CNC system requires plotting points. The pressure accuracy requirement determines the number of tracepoints needed, and the corresponding adjustment man-hours will also increase accordingly. If tracepoints are reduced, the pressure deviation will increase.

In light of the above practical application defects, we propose corresponding solutions.

Full closed loop pressure control mode

Add a pressure sensor to the control system to provide real-time feedback of the system pressure.

The advantage of this is that it completely eliminates overflow, allowing the system to meet the real-time flow demand of the process more accurately.

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The pressure sensor outputs only the amount required and can maintain pressure accuracy within 0.1 MPa, significantly reducing adjustment time, as demonstrated in Figure 3.

Framework diagram of full closed loop pressure control mode

Figure 3 Framework diagram of full closed loop pressure control mode

Pressure closed loop mode of multistage flow

In response to the prevalence of CNC systems for press brake machines that only support flow switching commands in the market, our team has optimized the control firmware of the hybrid servo drive. This optimization enables the press brake machine to adopt a numerical control system that allows for more precise pressure control, without overflow.

As a result, our solution aims to improve accuracy, reduce energy consumption, and lower costs for our customers.

Framework diagram of the multistage flow control

Figure 4 Framework diagram of the multistage flow control

Actual case

The specific configuration and technical requirements of the plan are presented in Table 1.

Table 1 Configuration and technical requirements

NO.NameNumberTechnique requirements
1CNC system1 
2Oil-electric servo motor1Maximum system pressure 30MPa
3Oil-electric servo driver1Maximum motor speed 2000rpm
4Rear damper servo driver1Ram fast down speed 150mm/s
5Rear damper servo motor1Ram slow down speed 10mm/s
6Pressure Sensor1Ram fast up speed 120mm/s
7Inner gear oil pump1 

As shown in Figure 5, during the actual bending process, the pressure output and the demand setting align closely in the pressure holding state. Furthermore, the output flow will automatically adjust according to the actual process.

Among them:

  • A section-fast down;
  • B section-feeding;
  • C section-pressure holding;
  • D section-pressure relief;
  • E section-fast up.
Full closed loop pressure control mode

Figure 5 Full closed loop pressure control mode

  • light blue line: pressure command;
  • pink line: actual pressure;
  • blue line: output flow;
  • brown line: output torque.
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As shown in Figure 6, the same control effect successfully addresses the issue of overflow in various processes within the simple multistage speed control scheme. This solution ensures the accuracy of pressure control and provides significant economic benefits.

Multistage flow pressure control mode

Figure 6 Multistage flow pressure control mode

Among them:

  • A section-fast down;
  • B section-feeding;
  • C section-pressure holding;
  • D section-pressure relief;
  • E section-fast up.
  • red line: pressure command;
  • green line: actual pressure;
  • blue line: flow command;
  • yellow line: actual flow.


In comparison to the commonly utilized electro-hydraulic control technology, our company’s hydraulic press brake pump control technique offers a superior control mechanism. It can meet the requirements of no overflow, oil temperature reduction, noise reduction, and accuracy improvement simultaneously without significantly increasing costs.

Furthermore, this technique can reduce costs and increase benefits for press brake manufacturers and end-users, making it an ideal solution to replace the electro-hydraulic control technology of hydraulic press brake.

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